David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):145-166 (2010)
Environmental ethics is apparently caught in a dilemma. We believe in human species partiality as a way of making sense of many of our practices. However as part of our commitment to impartialism in ethics, we arguably should extend the principle of impartiality to other species, in a version of biocentric egalitarianism of the kind advocated by Paul Taylor. According to this view, not only do all entities that possess a good have inherent worth, but they have equal inherent worth, and in particular no species is superior to any other. In this paper, I elaborate a Heideggerian environmental virtue ethics that slips between the horns of the dilemma. Central to this ethics is the relation of “dwelling” and the many virtues of dwelling, according to which the world is seen as “holy” in a variety of ways. This ethics is importantly local in respect of time and place, but also has universalistic aspects. To understand such an ethics, it is necessary to grasp Heidegger’s notion of truth as “aleithia” or opening, which enables us to escape the metaphysical dilemmas besetting ethics in the analytic tradition, including standard virtue ethics. Elaborating this notion occupies a large part of the paper.
|Keywords||Virtue Virtue ethics Heidegger Dwelling Aleithia Wonder|
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References found in this work BETA
Paul W. Taylor (2011). Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics. Princeton University Press.
Alasdair C. MacIntyre (2007). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. University of Notre Dame Press.
Martin Heidegger (1967). Being and Time. Oxford, Blackwell.
Christine Swanton (2003). Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View. Clarendon Press.
Ronald L. Sandler (2007). Character and Environment: A Virtue-Oriented Approach to Environmental Ethics. Columbia University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Claus Dierksmeier (2013). Kant on Virtue. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):597-609.
Joan Fontrodona, Alejo José G. Sison & Boudewijn de Bruin (2013). Editorial Introduction: Putting Virtues Into Practice. A Challenge for Business and Organizations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):563-565.
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