Natural evil

American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):295 - 301 (1978)
Abstract
THE FREEWILL DEFENCE IS DESIGNED TO SHOW THAT THE EXISTENCE OF MORAL EVIL (I.E., EVIL PRODUCED BY MEN) IS COMPATIBLE WITH THE EXISTENCE OF GOD. TO DO THIS IT MUST CLAIM THAT IT IS GOOD THAT MEN HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO BRING ABOUT EITHER GOOD OR EVIL. TO HAVE THIS OPPORTUNITY, THEY MUST KNOW HOW TO BRING ABOUT EVIL. GOD COULD TELL THEM, BUT THAT WOULD MAKE HIS PRESENCE SO MANIFEST AS TO IMPAIR THEIR FREEDOM. THE ONLY OTHER WAY IN WHICH THEY COULD ACQUIRE THAT KNOWLEDGE IS BY SEEING THAT CERTAIN NATURAL PROCESSES BRING ABOUT EVIL EFFECTS. BUT THAT MEANS THAT THERE MUST BE NATURAL EVIL IF MEN ARE TO HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO BRING ABOUT MORAL EVIL.
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Citations of this work BETA
Martin Davies (1980). Determinism and Evil. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):116 – 127.
Martin Davies (1980). Determinism and Evil. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):116-127.
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Richard Swinburne (2003). Freedom and Evil. In Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.), What Philosophers Think. Continuum Press.
Michael Gelven (1998). This Side of Evil. Marquette University Press.
Nick Trakakis (2005). Is Theism Capable of Accounting for Any Natural Evil at All? International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 57 (1):35 - 66.
James R. Beebe, Logical Problem of Evil. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
John F. Crosby (2001). Is All Evil Really Only Privation? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:197-209.
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