David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):57-64 (2004)
This paper attempts to define the concept of placebo as it is used in the clinical context The author claims that X is a placebo if and only if X has such a property dp, that whenever in a therapeutic situation T a stimulus S appears, then in attending conditions A, it will cause a beneficial reaction R in the patient. Formally, the same structure may be used to define any pharmacologically active drug. The main difference between the drug and a placebo is in the range of possible substitutions for X and the property d. For the active drug there is only one possible substitution for X and property d and it can be scientifically explained why, and how the drug works. In the case of a placebo a set of possible substitutions for X and d is open, and so far it is impossible to offer any scientifically valid explanation of the action mechanism of placebo.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Juhana E. Idänpään-Heikkilä & Sev Fluss (2004). The CIOMS View on the Use of Placebo in Clinical Trials. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):23-28.
Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
Nikola Biller-Andorno (2004). The Use of the Placebo Effect in Clinical Medicine — Ethical Blunder or Ethical Imperative? Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):43-50.
Daniel Groll (2011). What You Don't Know Can Help You: The Ethics of Placebo Treatment. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (2):188-202.
Ernst A. Singer (2004). The Necessity and the Value of Placebo. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):51-56.
Duff Waring (2003). Paradoxical Drug Response and the Placebo Effect: A Discussion of Grunbaum's Definitional Scheme. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):5-17.
Jacek Spławiński & Jerzy Kuźniar (2004). Clinical Trials: Active Control Vs Placebo — What is Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):73-79.
Andrew Turner (2012). 'Placebos' and the Logic of Placebo Comparison. Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):419-432.
Thomas R. Weihrauch (2004). Placebo Treatment is Effective Differently in Different Diseases — but is It Also Harmless? A Brief Synopsis. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):151-155.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #52,606 of 1,088,783 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,666 of 1,088,783 )
How can I increase my downloads?