David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):845-862 (2012)
Many believe that values are crucially dependent on emotions. This paper focuses on epistemic aspects of the putative link between emotions and value by asking two related questions. First, how exactly are emotions supposed to latch onto or track values? And second, how well suited are emotions to detecting or learning about values? To answer the first question, the paper develops the heuristics-model of emotions. This approach models emotions as sui generis heuristics of value. The empirical plausibility of the heuristics-model is demonstrated using evidence from experimental psychology, evolutionary anthropology and neuroscience. The model is used then to answer the second question. If emotions are indeed heuristics of value, then it follows that emotions can be an important and useful source of information about value. However, emotions will not be epistemically superior in the sense of being the highest court of appeal for the justification of axiological beliefs (the latter view is referred to as the Epistemic Dependence Thesis, or EDT for short). The paper applies the heuristics-model to celebrated cases from the philosophy of emotions literature arguing that while the heuristics-model offers a good explanation of typical patterns of emotional reactions in such cases, advocates of EDT will have a hard time accounting for these patterns. The paper also shows that the conclusions drawn from special cases generalize. The paper ends by arguing that skepticism about the metaethical significance of emotions is compatible with a commitment to the importance of emotions in first-order normative ethics.
|Keywords||Emotions Heuristics Sentimentalism Metaethics Value|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
Daniel M. Bartels & David A. Pizarro (2011). The Mismeasure of Morals: Antisocial Personality Traits Predict Utilitarian Responses to Moral Dilemmas. Cognition 121 (1):154-161.
Karen Bartsch & Jennifer Cole Wright (2005). Towards an Intuitionist Account of Moral Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):546-547.
Tim Crane (ed.) (1992). The Contents of Experience: Essays on Perception. Cambridge University Press.
Justin D'Arms (2005). Two Arguments for Sentimentalism. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):1-21.
Justin D'Arms & Daniel Jacobson (2010). Demystifying Sensibilities: Sentimental Values and the Instability of Affect. In Peter Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oxford University Press. 585--613.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christoph Jäger & Anne Bartsch (2006). Meta-Emotions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):179-204.
Aaron Ben-Ze'ev (2007). Emotions on the Net. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:31-36.
Luc Faucher & Christine Tappolet (eds.) (2008). The Modularity of Emotions. University of Calgary Press.
Ronald de Sousa (2001). Moral Emotions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (2):109-126.
Ronald De Sousa (2001). Moral Emotions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (2):109 - 126.
Julien A. Deonna & Fabrice Teroni (2012/2011). The Emotions: A Philosophical Introduction. Routledge.
Michael Stocker (1996). Valuing Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Jonathan H. Turner (2009). The Sociology of Emotions: Basic Theoretical Arguments. Emotion Review 1 (4):240-254.
Isabella Muzio (2001). Emotions and Rationality. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):135-145.
Elisa A. Hurley (2007). Working Passions: Emotions and Creative Engagement with Value. Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):79-104.
Dan Moller (2011). Anticipated Emotions and Emotional Valence. Philosophers' Imprint 11 (9).
Christine Clavien (2009). Comment Comprendre les Émotions Morales. Dialogue 48 (03):601-.
P. M. S. Hacker (2009). The Conceptual Framework for the Investigation of Emotions. In Ylva Gustafsson, Camilla Kronqvist & Michael McEachrane (eds.), Emotions and Understanding: Wittgensteinian Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan.
Added to index2012-10-02
Total downloads13 ( #100,633 of 1,089,107 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,981 of 1,089,107 )
How can I increase my downloads?