David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Belgian Journal of Linguistics 25:189-206 (2011)
The paper presents an experimental evidence on diﬀerences in the sentence-picture veriﬁcation under additional memory load between parity and proportional quantiﬁers. We asked subjects to memorize strings of 4 or 6 digits, then to decide whether a quantiﬁer sentence is true at a given picture, and ﬁnally to recall the initially given string of numbers. The results show that: (a) proportional quantiﬁers are more diﬃcult than parity quantiﬁers with respect to reaction time and accuracy; (b) maintaining either 4 or 6 elements in the working memory has the same eﬀect on the processing of parity quantiﬁers; (c) however, in the case of proportional quantiﬁers subjects performed better in the veriﬁcation tasks under the 6-digit load condition, and (d) even though the strings of 4 numbers were better recalled by subjects after judging parity there is no diﬀerence between quantiﬁers in the case of the 6-element condition. We brieﬂy outline two alternative explanations for the observed phenomena rooted in the computational model of quantiﬁer veriﬁcation and the diﬀerent theories of working memory.
|Keywords||generalized quantifiers working memory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Fabian Schlotterbeck & Oliver Bott (2013). Easy Solutions for a Hard Problem? The Computational Complexity of Reciprocals with Quantificational Antecedents. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (4):363-390.
Shane Steinert-Threlkeld & I. I. I. Thomas F. Icard (2013). Iterating Semantic Automata. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (2):151-173.
Similar books and articles
Jakub Szymanik & Marcin Zajenkowski (2010). Quantifiers and Working Memory. In Maria Aloni & Katrin Schulz (eds.), Amsterdam Colloquium 2009, LNAI 6042. Springer
Jakub Szymanik (2007). A Note on Some Neuroimaging Study of Natural Language Quantifiers Comprehension. Neuropsychologia 45 (9):2158-2160.
Marcin Zajenkowski, Rafał Styła & Jakub Szymanik (2011). A Computational Approach to Quantifiers as an Explanation for Some Language Impairments in Schizophrenia. Journal of Communication Disorder 44:2011.
Gabriele Gratton, Monica Fabiani & Paul M. Corballis (2001). Working Memory Capacity and the Hemispheric Organization of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):121-122.
Jackie Andrade (2001). The Contribution of Working Memory to Conscious Experience. In Working Memory in Perspective. Psychology Press 60-78.
Aaro Toomela & Jüri Allik (1999). Components of Verbal Working Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):110-110.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Janice M. Keenan, Jukka Hyönä & Johanna K. Kaakinen (2003). Incorporating Semantics and Individual Differences in Models of Working Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):742-742.
John Sweller (1998). Can We Measure Working Memory Without Contamination From Knowledge Held in Long-Term Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):845-846.
Nelson Cowan (2003). Varieties of Procedural Accounts of Working Memory Retention Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):731-732.
Susan Kemper & Karen A. Kemtes (1999). The Age Invariance of Working Memory Measures and Noninvariance of Producing Complex Syntax. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):102-103.
Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie & Mark D'Esposito (eds.) (2007). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory. OUP Oxford.
Emrah Düzel (2003). Some Mechanisms of Working Memory May Not Be Evident in the Human EEG. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):732-732.
Arthur Wingfield (1999). Working Memory and Sentence Comprehension: Whose Burden of Proof? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):113-114.
Added to index2011-10-07
Total downloads30 ( #131,074 of 1,796,251 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #85,248 of 1,796,251 )
How can I increase my downloads?