David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Belgian Journal of Linguistics 25:189-206 (2011)
The paper presents an experimental evidence on diﬀerences in the sentence-picture veriﬁcation under additional memory load between parity and proportional quantiﬁers. We asked subjects to memorize strings of 4 or 6 digits, then to decide whether a quantiﬁer sentence is true at a given picture, and ﬁnally to recall the initially given string of numbers. The results show that: (a) proportional quantiﬁers are more diﬃcult than parity quantiﬁers with respect to reaction time and accuracy; (b) maintaining either 4 or 6 elements in the working memory has the same eﬀect on the processing of parity quantiﬁers; (c) however, in the case of proportional quantiﬁers subjects performed better in the veriﬁcation tasks under the 6-digit load condition, and (d) even though the strings of 4 numbers were better recalled by subjects after judging parity there is no diﬀerence between quantiﬁers in the case of the 6-element condition. We brieﬂy outline two alternative explanations for the observed phenomena rooted in the computational model of quantiﬁer veriﬁcation and the diﬀerent theories of working memory.
|Keywords||generalized quantifiers working memory|
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