David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):165-175 (1996)
We investigated the impact of attention during encoding on later retrieval. During study, participants read some words aloud and named the print color of other words aloud . Then one of two memory tests was administered. The explicit test—recognition—required conscious recollection of whether a word was studied. Previously read words were recognized more accurately than were previously color named words. This contrasted sharply with performance on the implicit test—repetition priming in lexical decision. Here, words that were color named during study showed priming equivalent to words that were read during study; both were responded to faster than unstudied words. Thus, an attentional manipulation during study had a strong effect on an explicit test of memory, but almost no effect on an implicit test. Focal attention during study is crucial for remembering consciously but not necessarily for remembering without awareness
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
J. M. Smallwood, S. F. Baracaia, M. Lowe & M. Obonsawin (2003). Task Unrelated Thought Whilst Encoding Information. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
Luis M. Augusto (2014). Unconscious Representations 2: Towards an Integrated Cognitive Architecture. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 24 (1):19-43.
J. Smallwood, L. Riby, D. Heim & J. Davies (2006). Encoding During the Attentional Lapse: Accuracy of Encoding During the Semantic Sustained Attention to Response Task. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):218-231.
Edward Merrillb & Todd Petersonb (2001). From Implicit Skills to Explicit Knowledge: A Bottom‐Up Model of Skill Learning. Cognitive Science 25 (2):203-244.
M. Stone, S. L. Ladd, C. J. Vaidya & J. D. E. Gabrieli (1998). Word-Identification Priming for Ignored and Attended Words. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):238-258.
Similar books and articles
Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein (1999). The Functional Role of Representations Cannot Explain Basic Implicit Memory Phenomena. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):768-769.
D. Maison, Anthony G. Greenwald & R. H. Bruin (2004). Predictive Validity of the Implicit Association Test in Studies of Brands, Consumer Attitudes, and Behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology 14:405-415.
Niels A. Taatgen (1999). Implicit Versus Explicit: An ACT-R Learning Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):785-786.
Neil W. Mulligan (1999). Applying a Theory of Implicit and Explicit Knowledge to Memory Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):775-776.
Brian C. Tietje, Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition?
Carolyn Rovee-Collier, Harlene Hayne & Michael Colombo (eds.) (2001). The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory. Amsterdam: J Benjamins.
Bruce Bridgeman (1999). Implicit and Explicit Representations of Visual Space. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):759-760.
Henry L. I. Roediger & Nader Amir (2005). Implicit Memory Tasks: Retention Without Conscious Recollection. In Amy Wenzel & David C. Rubin (eds.), Cognitive Methods and Their Application to Clinical Research. American Psychological Association 121-127.
Robert Mathews & Ron Sun, The Symposium on the Synergy Between Implicit and Explicit Learning Processes.
Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold (1991). Comparing Direct (Explicit) to Indirect (Implicit) Measures to Study Unconscious Memory. Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition 17 (2):224-233.
Iii Roediger, Henry L. & Nader Amir (2005). Implicit Memory Tasks: Retention Without Conscious Recollection. In Wenzel, Amy; Rubin, David C. (2005). Cognitive Methods and Their Application to Clinical Research. (Pp. 121-127). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. Ix, 289 Pp.
M. L. Peters, S. A. Uyterlinde, J. Consemulder & O. van der Hart (1998). Apparent Amnesia on Experimental Memory Tests in Dissociative Identity Disorder: An Exploratory Study. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):27-41.
Guy Pinku & Joseph Tzelgov (2006). Consciousness of the Self (COS) and Explicit Knowledge. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):655-661.
Added to index2011-11-02
Total downloads10 ( #315,668 of 1,790,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #141,989 of 1,790,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?