David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1082-1096 (2011)
Contrary to the claim that measurement standards are absolutely accurate by definition, I argue that unit definitions do not completely fix the referents of unit terms. Instead, idealized models play a crucial semantic role in coordinating the theoretical definition of a unit with its multiple concrete realizations. The accuracy of realizations is evaluated by comparing them to each other in light of their respective models. The epistemic credentials of this method are examined and illustrated through an analysis of the contemporary standardization of time. I distinguish among five senses of ‘measurement accuracy’ and clarify how idealizations enable the assessment of accuracy in each sense.
|Keywords||Measurement Accuracy Standards Physics Models Idealizations|
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References found in this work BETA
Jim Woodward (2006). Some Varieties of Robustness. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (2):219-240.
Citations of this work BETA
Eran Tal (2013). Old and New Problems in Philosophy of Measurement. Philosophy Compass 8 (12):1159-1173.
Jacob Stegenga (2015). Measuring Effectiveness. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 54:62-71.
Flavia Padovani (forthcoming). Measurement, Coordination, and the Relativized a Priori. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
Léna Soler, Frédéric Wieber, Catherine Allamel-Raffin, Jean-Luc Gangloff, Catherine Dufour & Emiliano Trizio (2013). Calibration: A Conceptual Framework Applied to Scientific Practices Which Investigate Natural Phenomena by Means of Standardized Instruments. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (2):263-317.
Greg Lusk (forthcoming). Computer Simulation and the Features of Novel Empirical Data. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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