Culture as common sense: Perceived consensus vs. personal beliefs as mechanisms of cultural influence
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
We propose that culture affects people through their perceptions of what is consensually believed. Whereas past research has examined whether cultural differences in social judgment are mediated by differences in individuals’ personal values and beliefs, we investigate whether they are mediated by differences in individuals’ perceptions of the views of people around them. We propose that individuals who perceive that traditional views are culturally consensual (e.g., Chinese participants who believe that most of their fellows hold collectivistic values) will themselves behave and think in culturally typical ways. Four studies of previously well-established cultural differences found that cultural differences were mediated by participants’ perceived consensus as much as by participants’ personal views. This held true for cultural differences in the bases of compliance (Study 1), attributional foci (Study 2), and counterfactual thinking styles (Study 3). To tease apart the effect of consensus perception from other possibly associated individual differences, Study 4 experimentally manipulated which of two cultures was salient to bicultural participants and found that judgments were guided by their perception of the consensual view of the salient culture.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Adli Juwaidah & Ruksana Banu (2009). Management Style and Decisions From the Perspective of Cultural Differences. International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:267-288.
David C. Schwebel & Askhari Johnson Hodari (2005). Ethical Principles and Acculturation: Two Case Studies. Ethics and Behavior 15 (2):131 – 137.
Janet Marta, Christina M. Heiss & Steven A. De Lurgio (2008). An Exploratory Comparison of Ethical Perceptions of Mexican and U.S. Marketers. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):539 - 555.
Russell Abratt, Deon Nel & Nicola Susan Higgs (1992). An Examination of the Ethical Beliefs of Managers Using Selected Scenarios in a Cross-Cultural Environment. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):29 - 35.
Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer (1998). Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
Jo Ann Ho (2010). Ethical Perception: Are Differences Between Ethnic Groups Situation Dependent? Business Ethics 19 (2):154-182.
Kim-Pong Tam Xi Zou, Sau-lai Lee Michael Morris & Chi-yue Chiu Ivy Yee-Man Lau, Culture as Common Sense: Perceived Consensus Vs. Personal Beliefs as Mechanisms of Cultural Influence.
Added to index2009-04-26
Total downloads13 ( #116,915 of 1,096,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?