David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (2):137-149 (2010)
Employing the distinction between the authoritarian (based on coercion) and the authoritative (based on excellence), this study of the understanding of authority in the Analects argues against interpretations of Confucianism which cast Confucius himself as advocating authoritarianism. Passages with key notions such as shang 上 and xia 下; fu 服 and cong 從; quan 權 and wei 威, are analyzed to illuminate ideas of hierarchy, obedience, and the nature of authority itself in the text. The evidence pieced together reveals the Master to be authoritative rather than authoritarian; and the social order to which he aspired is one based on excellence rather than on coercion. The article then considers why teachings which present a model of authority as authoritative ended up as often identified with authoritarianism and concludes with some thoughts about how Confucianism might be rescued from authoritarian practice.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Roger T. Ames & Henry Rosemont, Jr (1999). The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation. Ballantine.
Lionel M. Jensen (1997). Manufacturing Confucianism: Chinese Traditions & Universal Civilization. Duke University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Aaron Stalnaker (2013). Confucianism, Democracy, and the Virtue of Deference. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (4):441-459.
Similar books and articles
Antonio Rappa & Sor-Hoon Tan (2003). Political Implications of Confucian Familism. Asian Philosophy 13 (2 & 3):87 – 102.
Joseph Vining (1986). The Authoritative and the Authoritarian. University of Chicago Press.
Kirill O. Thompson (2011). Sounding the Analects , Engaging Confucius. Philosophy East and West 61 (1):195-215.
Thomas D. Eisele (1987). Book Review:The Authoritative and the Authoritarian. Joseph Vining. [REVIEW] Ethics 97 (4):873-.
Cynthia Macdonald (1995). Externalism and First-Person Authority. Synthese 104 (1):99-122.
Duane Rudy, Joan E. Grusec & Janis Wolfe (1999). Implications of Cross-Cultural Findings for a Theory of Family Socialisation. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):299-310.
Carl Crow (1938). Master Kung; the Story of Confucius. New York and London, Harper & Brothers.
David Elstein (2009). The Authority of the Master in the Analects. Philosophy East and West 59 (2):pp. 142-172.
Added to index2010-04-05
Total downloads16 ( #96,066 of 1,096,180 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #126,669 of 1,096,180 )
How can I increase my downloads?