Two Notions of Freedom in Classical Chinese Thought: The Concept of Hua 化 in the Zhuangzi and the Xunzi
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):463-486 (2011)
This essay is an attempt to sketch out two contrasting notions of freedom in the Zhuangzi and the Xunzi . I argue that to understand the classical Chinese formulations of freedom we should look at the concept of hua 化 (transformation or to transform). It is a kind of freedom that highlights the moral and/or spiritual transformation of the self and its entailments on the connection between the self and various domains of relationality. The Zhuangzian hua is the transformation of the self in such a way that the self becomes supremely attuned to the complexity of the world and can thus navigate various domains of relationality with extraordinary grace, ease, and efficacy. The Xunzian hua is the transformation of the self so that the self can extend its relationality to include the entire world and transform it from a raw and uncouth world to a civilized one through ritual practices
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Wing-tsit Chan (1963). A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, N.J.,Princeton University Press.
Scott Cook (1997). Zhuang Zi and His Carving of the Confucian Ox. Philosophy East and West 47 (4):521-553.
Herbert Fingarette (1972). Confucius--The Secular as Sacred. New York,Harper & Row.
Chad Hansen (1972). Freedom and Moral Responsibility in Confucian Ethics. Philosophy East and West 22 (2):169-186.
Masayuki Sato (2003). The Confucian Quest for Order: The Origin and Formation of the Political Thought of Xun Zi. Brill.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark A. Berkson (2005). Conceptions of Self/No‐Self and Modes of Connection Comparative Soteriological Structures in Classical Chinese Thought. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (2):293-331.
Guoping Zhao (2012). The Self and Human Freedom in Foucault and Zhuangzi. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 39 (1):139-156.
Franklin Perkins (2005). Following Nature with Mengzi or Zhuangzi. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):327-340.
Eske Møllgaard (2005). Zhuangzi's Notion of Transcendental Life. Asian Philosophy 15 (1):1 – 18.
Eske Møllgaard (2005). Zhuangzi's Notion of Transcendental Life. Asian Philosophy 15 (1):1-18.
Chris Fraser (2012). The Limitations of Ritual Propriety: Ritual and Language in Xúnzǐ and Zhuāngzǐ. [REVIEW] Sophia 51 (2):257-282.
Corey Brettschneider (2010). A Transformative Theory of Religious Freedom. Political Theory 38 (2):187-213.
Yün-Hua Jan (1980). A Buddhist Critique to the Classical Chinese Tradition. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 7 (4):301-318.
Aaron B. Creller (2011). Zhuangzi and Early Chinese Philosophy: Vagueness, Transformation and Paradox (Review). Philosophy East and West 61 (2):385-388.
Jan Yün-hua (1982). Chinese Buddhism in Ta-Tu. In Hok-lam Chan & William Theodore De Bary (eds.), Yüan Thought: Chinese Thought and Religion Under the Mongols. Columbia University Press.
Yün-Hua Jan (1989). A Comparative Study of 'No-Thought' (Wu-Nien) in Some Indian and Chinese Buddhist Texts. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16 (1):37-58.
Keqian Xu (2011). A Different Type of Individualism in Zhuangzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):445-462.
Ge Ling Shang (2006). Liberation as Affirmation: The Religiosity of Zhuangzi and Nietzsche. State University of New York Press.
Chris Fraser (2006). Zhuangzi, Xunzi, and the Paradoxical Nature of Education. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 33 (4):529–542.
Added to index2011-10-08
Total downloads18 ( #97,167 of 1,100,106 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #27,984 of 1,100,106 )
How can I increase my downloads?