David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphysica 12 (2):125-136 (2011)
The contemporary popularity of semantic externalism has arisen from so-called Twin Earth thought experiments which suggest that the representational content of a natural kind term cannot be wholly determined by processes within a speaker's body. Such arguments depend on the intuition that the extensions of natural kind terms cannot have changed as the result of the scientific investigation of natural kinds' constitutions. I demonstrate that this externalist intuition depends on an assumption about the mentality of isomorphic doppelgangers which has never been questioned but which is nonetheless arguably false. I develop an alternative view of the instantiation of mind which entails a revision of our understanding of the constitution of environmental objects. The picture seems to be fully coherent despite its oddity and I can find no good reason to reject it. The conclusion must be that the case for semantic externalism is thus less compelling than is often supposed
|Keywords||Semantic externalism Twin earth Doppelganger Natural kind Set theory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jussi Jylkkä, Henry Railo & Jussi Haukioja (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37-60.
Emma Borg (2009). Must a Semantic Minimalist Be a Semantic Internalist? Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):31-51.
Susana Nuccetelli (2003). Knowing That One Knows What One is Talking About. In , New Essays on Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge. MIT Press. 169--184.
Jussi Jylkk (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37 – 60.
Katalin Farkas (2006). Semantic Internalism and Externalism. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press.
Jussi Haukioja (2009). Intuitions, Externalism, and Conceptual Analysis. Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):81-93.
Michael Tye (1998). Externalism and Memory. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (72):77-94.
Asa Maria Wikforss (2005). Naming Natural Kinds. Synthese 145 (1):65-87.
Corine Besson (2009). Externalism, Internalism, and Logical Truth. Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):1-29.
Jane Heal (1998). Externalism and Memory. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (72):77-94.
Corine Besson (2012). Empty Natural Kind Terms and Dry-Earth. Erkenntnis 76 (3):403-425.
Jussi Haukioja (2006). Semantic Externalism and A Priori Self-Knowledge. Ratio 19 (2):149-159.
B. J. C. Madison (2009). On the Compatibility of Epistemic Internalism and Content Externalism. Acta Analytica 24 (3):173-183.
Mark Greene (2011). 'Chocolate' and Other Kind Terms: Implications for Semantic Externalism. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):270-292.
John Collins (2009). Methodology, Not Metaphysics: Against Semantic Externalism. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):53-69.
Added to index2011-08-05
Total downloads27 ( #53,275 of 1,003,837 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,406 of 1,003,837 )
How can I increase my downloads?