David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy 79 (2):247-279 (2004)
The idea of an original contract is, ironically, inherently narrative in form; although tautological in essence, it nevertheless portrays events occurring in sequence. In response to Filmer's provocations that the idea of an original contract lacks historical veracity, Locke tries and repeatedly fails to establish a direct historical substantiation of his position in the early chapters of the Second Treatise. The most important of these various miscalculations concern the role of consent in his account of the origins of government, the tension between logical and historical evidence in describing the development of prerogative in the English monarchy, and the inescapable conclusion that conquest and not consent was the likely origin of most states. In these places, the Locke's deductive argument is forced to slow, hesitate, and change direction. The general concept of individual transgression, as it emerges from Locke's depiction of the state of nature, war, and slevery, later transforms itself into the basis of governmental injustice and tyranny. These, in turn, work to generate a sort of secondary and “political” state of nature in which now “historical” people, by means of concrete acts of resistance and revolution, enact the hypotheses of the consensual theory in their own actual time and place.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ralph Cudworth (1996/1976). A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality. Cambridge University Press.
Maria van der Schaar (2012). Locke on Judgement and Religious Toleration. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):41 - 68.
Alexander Moseley (2005). John Locke's Morality of War. Journal of Military Ethics 4 (2):119-128.
David Armitage (2004). John Locke, Carolina, and the "Two Treatises of Government". Political Theory 32 (5):602-627.
John Dunn (1969). The Political Thought of John Locke: An Historical Account of the Argument of the 'Two Treatises of Government'. London, Cambridge U.P..
I. C. Tipton (ed.) (1977). Locke on Human Understanding: Selected Essays. Oxford University Press.
Richard Mason (2004). Spinoza and the Unimportance of Belief. Philosophy 79 (2):281-298.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #68,241 of 1,096,462 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #62,479 of 1,096,462 )
How can I increase my downloads?