On Knaves and Rules. (An Approach to the 'Sensible Knave' Problem from a Tempered Rule Utilitarianism).
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Daimon. Revista Internacional de Filosofía 52:117-140 (2011)
In the attempt of defending an interpretation of David Hume's moral and political philosophy connected to classical utilitarianism, intervenes in a key way the so called problem of the " Sensitive Knave " raised by this author at the end of his more utilitarian work, the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. According to the classic interpretation of this fragment, the utilitarian rationality in politics would clash with morality turning useless the latter. Therefore, in the political area the defense of a moral utilitarianism would be an auto contradictory task. In order to show that, first, Hume does not say anything similar to this and second, that even indicates the way of overcoming this apparent contradiction between morality and rationality, we analyze briefly the arguments from which there comes basically this "anti-utilitarian" standard interpretation, and we defend an interpretation of the humean discussion on the problem of the supposed conflict between morality and rationality, or of rational incentives for immoral behavior, which allows to explain better Hume's position on this problem. Finally, we propose an instance of overcoming the contradiction morality/ rationality by a rule adjusted utilitarianism centered on the idea of the "progressive development of artificial institutions of reinforcement of morality", that Hume himself would suggest in other places in which he approaches the topic of the apparent contradiction between "morality" and "knavery". We propose also possible lines of future development of this idea, between them its use to clarify the relation of David Hume's thought with certain forms of contemporary liberalism.
|Keywords||DAVID HUME RULE UTILITARIANISM SENSIBLE KNAVE DAVID GAUTHIER ANNETE BAIER JOHN RAWLS INSTITUTIONS INSTITUTIONAL REFEREES LIBERALISM SOCIALISM|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Gauthier (1992). Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave. Hume Studies 18 (2):401-427.
David P. Gauthier (1970). Morality and Rational Self-Interest. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
By Michael Ridge (2006). Introducing Variable-Rate Rule-Utilitarianism. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):242–253.
Michael Ridge (2006). Introducing Variable-Rate Rule-Utilitarianism. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):242 - 253.
José L. Tasset (2007). Hume and Mill on 'Utility of Religion': A Borgean Garden of Forking Paths? Τέλος. Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas 14 (2):117-129.
Jennifer Welchman (2008). Hume and the Prince of Thieves. Hume Studies 34 (1):3-19.
Gertrude Ezorsky (1968). A Defense of Rule Utilitarianism Against David Lyons Who Insists on Tieing It to Act Utilitarianism, Plus a Brand New Way of Checking Out General Utilitarian Properties. Journal of Philosophy 65 (18):533 - 544.
Conrad D. Johnson (1991). Moral Legislation: A Legal-Political Model for Indirect Consequentialist Reasoning. Cambridge University Press.
David O. Brink (1986). Utilitarian Morality and the Personal Point of View. Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):417-438.
Baruch A. Brody (1970). Moral Rules and Particular Circumstances. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
Piotr T. Makowski (2011). Gilotyna Hume'a. Przegląd Filozoficzny 4 (80):317-334.
Holly Smith (2010). Measuring the Consequences of Rules. Utilitas 22 (4):413-433.
Added to index2012-05-14
Total downloads13 ( #118,539 of 1,098,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #283,807 of 1,098,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?