David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):25-44 (1994)
Friedrich Nietzsche''s will to power, and the philosophical ediface built on this foundation, is formulated on a biologicism that is indebted to a particular post-Darwinian vision of the organism. Of the various models that attempt to formulate a comprehensive organismal biology, Nietzsche unknowingly grasped that of Elie Metchnikoff, who authored the theoretical foundation of modern immunology. Metchnikoff regarded the organism as a disharmonious entity, in constant inner strife between competing cellular activities. Immune functions were responsible for mediating harmonization, which however remains an elusive ideal. This view of the organism posited an ever-changing, self-defining entity striving for self-actualization while in ceaseless inner struggle as well as in competition with the environment. The theory is no less than an epistemological response of how to establish the subject-object relation in a construct where the subject''s boundaries are dialectical and evolving. The similarity of the philosophical positions of Nietzsche and Metchnikoff regarding the Self offers rich resonance in current attempts to formulate a biomedical language appropriate to address the issues raised by these problems.
|Keywords||Immune Self immunology medicine Metchnikoff Nietzsche|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Scott F. Gilbert (1992). Cells in Search of Community: Critiques of Weismannism and Selectable Units in Ontogeny. Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):473-487.
Jacob Golomb (1989). Nietzsche's Enticing Psychology of Power. Magness Press, Hebrew University.
Alexander Nehamas (1985). Nietzsche, Life as Literature. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Alfred I. Tauber (1995). Postmodernism and Immune Selfhood. Science in Context 8 (4).
Similar books and articles
C. U. M. Smith (1987). “Clever Beasts Who Invented Knowing”: Nietzsche's Evolutionary Biology of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):65-91.
Thomas Hurka (2007). Nietzsche : Perfectionist. In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press. 9--31.
Gregory Moore (2002). Nietzsche, Biology, and Metaphor. Cambridge University Press.
William McNeill (2004). The Poverty of the Regent. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (2):285-296.
John Richardson (2004/2008). Nietzsche's New Darwinism. Oxford University Press.
Charles H. Pence (2011). Nietzsche’s Aesthetic Critique of Darwin. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (2):165-190.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #156,922 of 1,100,863 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #176,557 of 1,100,863 )
How can I increase my downloads?