David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):25-44 (1994)
Friedrich Nietzsche''s will to power, and the philosophical ediface built on this foundation, is formulated on a biologicism that is indebted to a particular post-Darwinian vision of the organism. Of the various models that attempt to formulate a comprehensive organismal biology, Nietzsche unknowingly grasped that of Elie Metchnikoff, who authored the theoretical foundation of modern immunology. Metchnikoff regarded the organism as a disharmonious entity, in constant inner strife between competing cellular activities. Immune functions were responsible for mediating harmonization, which however remains an elusive ideal. This view of the organism posited an ever-changing, self-defining entity striving for self-actualization while in ceaseless inner struggle as well as in competition with the environment. The theory is no less than an epistemological response of how to establish the subject-object relation in a construct where the subject''s boundaries are dialectical and evolving. The similarity of the philosophical positions of Nietzsche and Metchnikoff regarding the Self offers rich resonance in current attempts to formulate a biomedical language appropriate to address the issues raised by these problems.
|Keywords||Immune Self immunology medicine Metchnikoff Nietzsche|
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References found in this work BETA
Helen E. Longino (1990). Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry. Princeton University Press.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1974). The Gay Science. New York,Vintage Books.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1968). The Will to Power. London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1967). On the Genealogy of Morals. New York, Vintage Books.
Citations of this work BETA
Alfred I. Tauber (1995). Postmodernism and Immune Selfhood. Science in Context 8 (4).
Barbara Stiegler (2015). L’hommage de Stephen Jay Gould à l’évolutionnisme de Nietzsche. Dialogue 54 (3):409-453.
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Charles H. Pence (2011). Nietzsche’s Aesthetic Critique of Darwin. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (2):165-190.
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