David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy of Science 75 (2):224-245 (2008)
In biology, the ‘ecological orientation' rests on a commitment to examining systems, and the conceptual challenge of defining that system now employs techniques and concepts adapted from diverse disciplines (i.e., systems philosophy, cybernetics, information theory, computer science) that are applied to biological simulations and model building. Immunology has joined these efforts, and the question posed here is whether the discipline will remain committed to its theoretical concerns framed by the notions of protecting an insular self, an entity demarcated from its environment, or will shift its focus of interest to a wider context. An ecological perspective emphasizes the interchange between the organism and its environment, the processing of information, and the regulation arising from responses to this larger context. Moving from the first attempts at modeling the immune system as a closed network, immunologists have joined the general interest in systems analysis, and that move might portend a significant shift to an open, more holistic consideration of immune regulation. *Received December 2006; revised August 2007. †To contact the author, please write to: Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University, 745 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215; e-mail: email@example.com.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
W. Ross Ashby (1956). An Introduction to Cybernetics. New York, J. Wiley.
Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber (2000). Selfhood, Immunity, and the Biological Imagination: The Thought of Frank MacFarlane Burnet. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):509-533.
Ervin Laszlo (1972/1984). Introduction to Systems Philosophy: Toward a New Paradigm of Contemporary Thought. Gordon and Breach.
Richard Levins (1985). The Dialectical Biologist. Harvard University Press.
Alfred I. Tauber (2008). Expanding Immunology: Defensive Versus Ecological Perspectives. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):270-284.
Citations of this work BETA
Michelle Jamieson (2010). Imagining 'Reactivity': Allergy Within the History of Immunology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):356-366.
Bartlomiej Swiatczak (2013). Immune Balance: The Development of the Idea and its Applications. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology:1-32.
Similar books and articles
Chiara Certomà (2006). Ecology, Environmentalism and System Theory. Kybernetes. The International Journal of Systems and Cybernetics 35 (6).
Mohan Matthen & Edwin Levy (1984). Teleology, Error, and the Human Immune System. Journal of Philosophy 81 (7):351-372.
Rudy E. Ballieux (1994). The Mind and the Immune System. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4).
Amin Turki (2011). On the Normativity of the Immune System. Medicine Studies 3 (1):29-39.
Lisa Weasel (2001). Dismantling the Self/Other Dichotomy in Science: Towards a Feminist Model of the Immune System. Hypatia 16 (1):27-44.
Uri Hershberg & Sol Efroni (2001). The Immune System and Other Cognitive Systems. Complexity 6 (5):14-21.
Bartlomiej Swiatczak, Maria Rescigno & Irun Cohen (2011). Systemic Features of Immune Recognition in the Gut. Microbes and Infection 13:983-991.
Bartlomiej Swiatczak & Maria Rescigno (2012). How the Interplay Between Antigen Presenting Cells and Microbiota Tunes Host Immune Responses in the Gut. Seminars in Immunology 24 (1):43-49.
N. M. Vaz, G. C. Ramos & A. B. Castro (2011). The Enactive Paradigm 33 Years Later. Response to Alfred Tauber. Constructivist Foundations 6 (3):345-351.
A. I. Tauber (2011). The Cognitivist Paradigm 20 Years Later. Commentary on Nelson Vaz. Constructivist Foundations 6 (3):342-351.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #192,693 of 1,100,077 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,128 of 1,100,077 )
How can I increase my downloads?