David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics 6 (1):43-62 (2002)
Among those sympathetic to Hume''smoral philosophy, a general consensus hasemerged that his first work on the topic,A Treatise of Human Nature, is his best. Hislater work, An Enquiry Concerning thePrinciples of Morals, is regarded as scaleddown in both scope and ambition. In contrastto this standard view, I argue that Hume''slater work offers a more sophisticated theoryof moral evaluation. I begin by reviewing theTreatise theory of moral evaluation tohighlight the reasons why commentators find socompelling Hume''s account of the corrections wemake to our moral sentiments. The method isendorsed by philosophers such as Henry DavidAiken and Annette C. Baier because, theyallege, it shows that moral sentiments reflecta process of judgment that includes thepossibility of corrigibility and ofjustification. But Hume''s method of correctionfalls short and does not establish why thesentiments conforming to the standard of virtueshould count as moral judgments. In the secondEnquiry, Hume lays out a different set ofcriteria, including not only the need forcertain virtues of good judgment but attentionto the particular cultural and historicalorigins of the norms governing the virtues ofgood judgment. Hume''s attention to diversityin evaluative outlook in his more matureposition takes seriously the relation betweenmoral authority and public debate.
|Keywords||common point of view David Hume moral judgment moral sentiment sentiment-based ethics standard of virtue virtue|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Henrik Bohlin (2013). Universal Moral Standards and the Problem of Cultural Relativism in Hume's 'A Dialogue'. Philosophy 88 (4):593-606.
Similar books and articles
Rico Vitz (2009). Doxastic Virtues in Hume's Epistemology. Hume Studies 35 (1/2):211-29.
Henrik Bohlin (2009). Sympathy, Understanding, and Hermeneutics in Hume's Treatise. Hume Studies 35 (1-2):135-170.
David Hume (1777/2004). An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. Prometheus Books.
Adam Smith (1790/2006). The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Dover Publications.
Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (2006). Moral Internalism and Moral Cognitivism in Hume's Metaethics. Synthese 152 (3):353 - 370.
Kate Abramson (2001). Sympathy and the Project of Hume's Second Enquiry. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (1):45-80.
[author unknown] (2009). Walls and Vaults. John Wiley & Sons.
Jacqueline Taylor (2011). Gilding and Staining and the Significance of Our Moral Sentiments. Hume Studies 36 (1):89-95.
Reed Winegar (2011). Good Sense, Art, and Morality in Hume's ''Of the Standard of Taste''. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (1):17-35.
Alix Cohen (2005). In Defence of Hume's Historical Method. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (3):489 – 502.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads51 ( #49,453 of 1,699,588 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #269,935 of 1,699,588 )
How can I increase my downloads?