David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):395-406 (2009)
To be a functional alternative to government regulation, self-regulation of science must be credible to both scientists and the public, accountable, ethical, and effective. According to some, serious problems continue in research ethics in the United States despite a rich history of proposed self-regulatory standards and oversight devices. Successful efforts at self-regulation in stem cell research contrast with unsuccessful efforts in research ethics, particularly conflicts of interest. Part of the cause for a lack of success in self-regulation is fragmented, disconnected oversight, and failure to embody genuine scientific and public consensus. To be accountable, credible and effective, self-regulation must be inclusive and multidisciplinary, publicly engaged, sufficiently disinterested, operationally integrated with institutional goals, and must implement a genuine consensus among scientists and the public. The mechanisms of self-regulation must be sufficiently broad in their oversight, and interconnected with other institutional forces and actors, that they do not create fragmented solutions.
|Keywords||Research ethics Conflicts of interest Self-regulation Stem cells ESCROs Responsible conduct of research Misconduct|
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References found in this work BETA
Gary E. Marchant & Lynda L. Pope (2009). The Problems with Forbidding Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):375-394.
Greg Koski, Jessica Aungst, Joel Kupersmith, Kenneth Getz & David Rimoin (2005). Cooperative Research Ethics Review Boards: A Win-Win Solution? IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (3).
Patrick L. Taylor (2005). The Gap Between Law and Ethics in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Overcoming the Effect of U.S. Federal Policy on Research Advances and Public Benefit. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):589-616.
Sheila Jasanoff (2007). Designs on Nature: Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States. Princeton Univ Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Gary E. Marchant & Stephanie J. Bird (2009). Editors' Overview: Forbidding Science? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):263-269.
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