David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):877-885 (2007)
Recent models of cognition in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder predict that trauma-related, but not neutral, processing should be differentially affected in these patients, compared to trauma-exposed controls. This study compared a group of 50 patients with PTSD related to the war in Bosnia and a group of 50 controls without PTSD but exposed to trauma from the war, using the DRM method to induce false memories for war-related and neutral critical lures. While the groups were equally susceptible to neutral critical lures, the PTSD group mistakenly recalled more war-related lures. Both false and correct recall were related more to depression than to self-rated trauma. Implications for accounts of false memories in terms of source-monitoring are discussed
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References found in this work BETA
James Deese (1959). On the Prediction of Occurrence of Particular Verbal Intrusions in Immediate Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):17.
Elke Geraerts, Elke Smeets, Marko Jelicic, Jaap van Heerden & Harald Merckelbach (2005). Fantasy Proneness, but Not Self-Reported Trauma is Related to DRM Performance of Women Reporting Recovered Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):602-612.
Citations of this work BETA
Janet E. Palmer & Chad S. Dodson (2009). Investigating the Mechanisms Fuelling Reduced False Recall of Emotional Material. Cognition and Emotion 23 (2):238-259.
Marit Hauschildt, Maarten Jv Peters, Lena Jelinek & Steffen Moritz (2012). Veridical and False Memory for Scenic Material in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):80-89.
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