David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):63-64 (2006)
Neuroscience cannot and should not be allowed to replace normative questions with scientific onesOver the past few years considerable attention has been paid to a variety of issues that are now placed collectively under the heading of “Neuroethics”. In both the academic and the popular press there have been discussions about the possibilities and problems offered by cognitive enhancement and neuroimaging as well as debate about the implications of these emerging “neurotechnologies” for morality and the law. This issue of the journal contains eight papers that discuss a broad range of important topics in neuroethics, from cognitive enhancement and the moral status of animals and cyborgs, to the challenges of neurological consults in end of life cases. As these papers demonstrate, advances in neuroscience raise a number of important ethical questions, but can neuroscience help provide any answers?FACT AND VALUEAccording to the received philosophical wisdom, there is a fundamental distinction between fact and value—between how things are and how they ought to be. On the basis of this distinction one cannot draw normative conclusions from descriptive premises because there is nothing in the premises that would warrant such conclusions: from the fact that happiness is desired it does not follow that it ought to be. This received wisdom applies to neuroethics in the following way: whereas neuroscience might be able to identify the neurophysical correlates for evaluative notions such as preferences and attitudes,1,2 lying,3 and the distinction between in control and out of control behaviour,4 neuroscience cannot, in and by itself, provide the basis for their evaluation. The reason for this is that, in the absence of factors external to these neurophysical states, one neurophysical state is no better or worse than another—internal neurophysical states are logically …
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Lee Wilkins (2008). Connecting Care and Duty : How Neuroscience and Feminist Ethics Can Contribute to Understanding Professional Moral Development. In Stephen J. A. Ward & Herman Wasserman (eds.), Media Ethics Beyond Borders: A Global Perspective. Heinemann.
Carrie Figdor (2013). What is the “Cognitive” in Cognitive Neuroscience? Neuroethics 6 (1):105-114.
Adina L. Roskies (2002). Neuroethics for the New Millennium. Neuron 35 (1):21-23.
Christopher J. Frost & Augustus R. Lumia (2012). The Ethics of Neuroscience and the Neuroscience of Ethics: A Phenomenological–Existential Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):457-474.
Francesco Guala & Tim Hodgson (2010). The Philosopher in the Scanner (Or: How Can Neuroscience Contribute to Social Philosophy?). Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (2):147-157.
Katrina Sifferd (2011). Neuroethics. In Vilayanur Ramachandran (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 2e. Elsevier.
Olaf Sporns (2000). Synthetic Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):548-549.
Pete Mandik & Andrew Brook (2007). The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Analyze and Kritik 26 (1):3-23.
James A. Van Slyke (ed.) (2012). Theology and the Science of Moral Action: Virtue Ethics, Exemplarity, and Cognitive Neuroscience. Routledge.
Michel Ferrari (2011). What Can Neuroscience Bring to Education? Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):31-36.
Robert J. Russell (ed.) (2002). Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action. Center for Ttheology and the Natural Sciences.
Dennis Patterson (2011). Minds, Brains, and Norms. Neuroethics 4 (3):179-190.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads13 ( #173,706 of 1,696,585 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #345,974 of 1,696,585 )
How can I increase my downloads?