David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):257-284 (2007)
The starting point for the contemporary debate about theories of health should be the holistic theory of Lennart Nordenfelt, claims George Khushf, not the refuted theory of Christopher Boorse. The present paper is an attempt to challenge Nordenfelt and to present an alternative theory to his and other theories, including Boorse’s. The main problems with Nordenfelt’s theory are that it is relativistic, that it leads to counter-intuitive results as to what goals can count as healthy, that it focuses on the wrong kind of abilities, that it makes measuring health extra difficult, and that it does not give us a sufficient account of health, at most a necessary one. The alternative theory proposed is two-dimensional. First, health is to have developed the abilities and dispositions that members of one’s culture typically develop, and be able to use them, in acceptable circumstances; and second, health is to experience positive moods and sensations, the kinds that have internal causes. The theory solves the problems attached to Nordenfelt’s theory by not being individual relativistic, by eliminating the goals in the definition, by giving an alternative interpretation of “ability,” by making health easier to measure, and by adding the dimension of well-being that, together with health as ability, not only gives us a necessary, but also a sufficient, account of health.
|Keywords||Ability basic ability environment goals health holistic theory suffering well-being|
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References found in this work BETA
Christopher Boorse (1977). Health as a Theoretical Concept. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
Christopher Boorse (1975). On the Distinction Between Disease and Illness. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):49-68.
K. W. M. Fulford (1989). Moral Theory and Medical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Lennart Nordenfelt (1987). On the Nature of Health an Action-Theoretic Approach. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
George Khushf (2007). An Agenda for Future Debate on Concepts of Health and Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):19-27.
Citations of this work BETA
P. -A. Tengland (2012). Behavior Change or Empowerment: On the Ethics of Health-Promotion Strategies. [REVIEW] Public Health Ethics 5 (2):140-153.
Per-Anders Tengland (2008). Empowerment: A Conceptual Discussion. Health Care Analysis 16 (2):77-96.
Per-Anders Tengland (2010). Health Promotion or Disease Prevention: A Real Difference for Public Health Practice? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (3):203-221.
Per-Anders Tengland (2010). Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: Logically Different Conceptions? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (4):323-341.
Per-Anders Tengland (2015). Does Amphetamine Enhance Your Health? On the Distinction Between Health and “Health-Like” Enhancements. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (5):484-510.
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