David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):315-326 (2011)
This paper explores the role of ‘community’ in the context of global bioethics. With the present globalization of bioethics, new and interesting references are made to this concept. Some are familiar, for example, community consent. This article argues that the principle of informed consent is too individual-oriented and that in other cultures, consent can be community-based. Other references to ‘community’ are related to the novel principle of benefit sharing in the context of bioprospecting. The application of this principle necessarily requires the identification and construction of communities. On the global level there are also new uses of the concept of community as ‘global community.’ Three uses are distinguished: (1) a diachronic use, including past, present, and future generations, (2) a synchronic ecological use, including nonhuman species, and (3) a synchronic planetary use, including all human beings worldwide. Although there is a tension between the communitarian perspective and the idea of global community, this article argues that the third use can broaden communitarianism. The current development towards cosmopolitanism is creating a new global community that represents humanity as a whole, enabling identification of world citizens and evoking a sense of global solidarity and responsibility. The emergence of global bioethics today demonstrates this development
|Keywords||Benefit sharing Common heritage of humankind Community Community benefit Community consent Future generations Global bioethics Global health Van Rensselaer Potter|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John E. Ataguba & Gavin Mooney (2011). A Communitarian Approach to Public Health. Health Care Analysis 19 (2):154-164.
Nicola Barsdorf, Suzanne Maman, Nancy Kass & Catherine Slack (2010). Access to Treatment in Hiv Prevention Trials: Perspectives From a South African Community. Developing World Bioethics 10 (2):78-87.
Christian Byk (1998). A Map to a New Treasure Island: The Human Genome and the Concept of Common Heritage. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):234 – 246.
Daniel Callahan (2003). Individual Good and Common Good: A Communitarian Approach to Bioethics. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (4):496-507.
A. DeCosta (2004). Community Based Trials and Informed Consent in Rural North India. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (3):318-323.
Citations of this work BETA
Henk Have (2013). Global Bioethics: Transnational Experiences and Islamic Bioethics. Zygon 48 (3):600-617.
R. Asgary & E. Junck (2013). New Trends of Short-Term Humanitarian Medical Volunteerism: Professional and Ethical Considerations. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):625-631.
Similar books and articles
Judy D. Whipps (2004). Jane Addams's Social Thought as a Model for a Pragmatist-Feminist Communitarianism. Hypatia 19 (2):118-133.
Sirkku K. Hellsten (2008). Global Bioethics: Utopia or Reality? Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):70-81.
Søren Holm & Bryn Williams-Jones (2006). Global Bioethics – Myth or Reality? BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-10.
Global Bioethics & Global Dialogue (2002). Julia Tao Lai Po-Wah. In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the (Im) Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic Pub..
Maurizio Valsania (2013). Nature's Man. University of Virginia Press.
Judy Dee Whipps (2004). Jane Addams's Social Thought as a Model for a Pragmatist-Feminist Communitarianism. Hypatia 19 (2):118 - 133.
H. Tristram Engelhardt (ed.) (2006). Global Bioethics: The Collapse of Consensus. M & M Scrivener Press.
Jonathan Moreno (2007). Pt. VIII. Public and Global Health. The Implications of Public Health for Bioethics / Jeffrey Kahn and Anna Mastroianni ; Global Health / Ruth Macklin ; Bioethics and Bioterrorism. [REVIEW] In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
D. P. Chattopadhyaya (2001). Communitarianism From an Eastern Perspective. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:229-234.
Robert L. Phillips (1991). Communitarianism, the Vatican, and the New Global Order. Ethics and International Affairs 5 (1):135–147.
Weixi Hu (2007). On Confucian Communitarianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):475-487.
Kenneth A. Strike (2000). Liberalism, Communitarianism and the Space Between: In Praise of Kindness. Journal of Moral Education 29 (2):133-147.
A. New Possibility of Global Bioethics (2002). Hyakudai Sakamoto. In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the (Im) Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic Pub..
Bioethics & Philosophy Of Bioethics (2002). Chung-Ying Cheng. In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the (Im) Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic Pub..
Added to index2012-08-28
Total downloads6 ( #213,996 of 1,101,890 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #52,459 of 1,101,890 )
How can I increase my downloads?