The Logical Structure of Scientific Explanation and Prediction: Planetary Orbits in a Sun's Gravitational Field
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studia Logica 95 (1/2):207 - 232 (2010)
We present a logically detailed case-study of explanation and prediction in Newtonian mechanics. The case in question is that of a planet's elliptical orbit in the Sun's gravitational field. Care is taken to distinguish the respective contributions of the mathematics that is being applied, and of the empirical hypotheses that receive a mathematical formulation. This enables one to appreciate how in this case the overall logical structure of scientific explanation and prediction is exactly in accordance with the hypotheticodeductive model
|Keywords||Kepler Newton Laws of Motion Law of Gravitation planetary orbit scientific explanation hypothetico-deductive model hypotheses predictions natural logicism kinematics conics polar coordinates derivatives ellipse focus directrix eccentricity semi-latus rectum equation of energy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Citations of this work BETA
Neil Tennant (2014). The Logical Structure of Evolutionary Explanation and Prediction: Darwinism's Fundamental Schema. Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):611-655.
Similar books and articles
Nicholas Rescher (1963). Discrete State Systems, Markov Chains, and Problems in the Theory of Scientific Explanation and Prediction. Philosophy of Science 30 (4):325-345.
Abner Shimony (1994). Empirical and Rational Components in Scientific Confirmation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:146 - 155.
James Owen Weatherall (2011). On Explanations in Physics. Philosophy of Science 78 (3):421-447.
Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2001). Lakatos's Approach on Prediction and Novel Facts. Theoria 16 (3):499-518.
SteveAnthony FleetwoodHesketh (2006). Prediction in Social Science - The Case of Research on the Human Resource Management-Organisational Performance Link. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):228-250.
Russell Marcus (2013). Intrinsic Explanation and Field's Dispensabilist Strategy. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (2):163-183.
Kristin Andrews (2003). Knowing Mental States: The Asymmetry of Psychological Prediction and Explanation. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press
Michael Strevens (2006). Scientific Explanation. In D. M. Borchert (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy, second edition.
Heather E. Douglas (2009). Reintroducing Prediction to Explanation. Philosophy of Science 76 (4):444-463.
Added to index2010-06-09
Total downloads64 ( #64,698 of 1,793,000 )
Recent downloads (6 months)20 ( #38,413 of 1,793,000 )
How can I increase my downloads?