The conceptual structure of the chemical revolution

Philosophy of Science 57 (2):183-209 (1990)
This paper investigates the revolutionary conceptual changes that took place when the phlogiston theory of Stahl was replaced by the oxygen theory of Lavoisier. Using techniques drawn from artificial intelligence, it represents the crucial stages in Lavoisier's conceptual development from 1772 to 1789. It then sketches a computational theory of conceptual change to account for Lavoisier's discovery of the oxygen theory and for the replacement of the phlogiston theory
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DOI 10.1086/289543
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Hanne Andersen (1996). Categorization, Anomalies and the Discovery of Nuclear Fission. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (4):463-492.

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