Why Cognitive Science Needs Philosophy and Vice Versa

Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):237-254 (2009)
Contrary to common views that philosophy is extraneous to cognitive science, this paper argues that philosophy has a crucial role to play in cognitive science with respect to generality and normativity. General questions include the nature of theories and explanations, the role of computer simulation in cognitive theorizing, and the relations among the different fields of cognitive science. Normative questions include whether human thinking should be Bayesian, whether decision making should maximize expected utility, and how norms should be established. These kinds of general and normative questions make philosophical reflection an important part of progress in cognitive science. Philosophy operates best, however, not with a priori reasoning or conceptual analysis, but rather with empirically informed reflection on a wide range of findings in cognitive science
Keywords Computer simulation  Bayesian inference  Explanations  Theories  Generality  Cognitive science  Decision making  Normativity  Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01016.x
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,667
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

View all 44 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Paul Thagard (2013). Thought Experiments Considered Harmful. Perspectives on Science 22 (2):122-139.
Eric Hochstein (2013). Intentional Models as Essential Scientific Tools. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (2):199-217.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Paul Thagard, Cognitive Science. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Ronald N. Giere (1986). Cognitive Models in the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:319 - 328.
Ronald N. Giere (1990). Implications of the Cognitive Sciences for the Philosophy of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:419 - 430.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

49 ( #69,794 of 1,726,249 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

13 ( #53,688 of 1,726,249 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.