David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):1-34 (2001)
The overall goal of this target article is to demonstrate a mechanism for an embodied cognition. The particular vehicle is a much-studied, but still widely debated phenomenon seen in 7–12 month-old-infants. In Piaget's classic “A-not-B error,” infants who have successfully uncovered a toy at location “A” continue to reach to that location even after they watch the toy hidden in a nearby location “B.” Here, we question the traditional explanations of the error as an indicator of infants' concepts of objects or other static mental structures. Instead, we demonstrate that the A-not-B error and its previously puzzling contextual variations can be understood by the coupled dynamics of the ordinary processes of goal-directed actions: looking, planning, reaching, and remembering. We offer a formal dynamic theory and model based on cognitive embodiment that both simulates the known A-not-B effects and offers novel predictions that match new experimental results. The demonstration supports an embodied view by casting the mental events involved in perception, planning, deciding, and remembering in the same analogic dynamic language as that used to describe bodily movement, so that they may be continuously meshed. We maintain that this mesh is a pre-eminently cognitive act of “knowing” not only in infancy but also in everyday activities throughout the life span. Key Words: cognitive development; dynamical systems theory; embodied cognition; infant development; motor control; motor planning; perception and action.
|Keywords||cognitive development dynamical systems theory embodied cognition infant development motor control motor planning perception and action|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Carlos Zednik (2011). The Nature of Dynamical Explanation. Philosophy of Science 78 (2):238-263.
Jonathan M. Weinberg (2007). Moderate Epistemic Relativism and Our Epistemic Goals. Episteme 4 (1):66-92.
Arne M. Weber & Gottfried Vosgerau (2012). Grounding Action Representations. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):53-69.
Evelyn Fox Keller (2011). Towards a Science of Informed Matter. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):174-179.
Lawrence A. Shapiro (2013). Dynamics and Cognition. Minds and Machines 23 (3):353-375.
Similar books and articles
Patrick D. Roberts (2001). Cooperative Field Theory is Critical for Embodiment. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):59-60.
Francisco Calvo Garzón (2008). Towards a General Theory of Antirepresentationalism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):259 - 292.
George F. Michel (2001). What is Embodied: “A-Not-B Error” or Delayed-Response Learning? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):54-55.
Joel Walmsley (2008). Explanation in Dynamical Cognitive Science. Minds and Machines 18 (3):331-348.
Arthur M. Glenberg, Monica R. Cowart & Michael P. Kaschak (2001). An Affordance Field for Guiding Movement and Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):43-44.
Sarah E. Berger (2001). Accounting for Infant Perseveration Beyond the Manual Search Task. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):34-35.
Kevin A. Pelphrey & J. Steven Reznick (2001). Clothing a Model of Embodiment. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):59-59.
S. Stavros Valenti & Thomas A. Stoffregen (2001). The Social Dynamics of Embodied Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):67-68.
Catherine Sophian (2001). Does Cognitive Development Move Beyond Sensorimotor Intelligence? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):61-62.
John P. Spencer (2001). The Essence of Cognitive Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):62-63.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads39 ( #41,042 of 1,096,216 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #126,669 of 1,096,216 )
How can I increase my downloads?