David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy Compass 5 (5):398-411 (2010)
Kant's 'Copernican Revolution', which began in the Critique of Pure Reason (1781/1787), had, by the early 1790s, fundamentally altered the terrain of German philosophy – but not entirely in the way that Kant had foreseen. Skeptical challenges to Kant's discursive account of cognition, in which experience arises from the separate faculties of sensibility and understanding, had led thinkers such as K.L. Reinhold and J.G. Fichte to attempt to provide a first, foundational principle for the critical philosophy. These efforts were enormously influential, but by the middle of the 1790s, they too were facing a great deal of critical scrutiny. The central challenge to the Fichtean project came from an unlikely quarter: a group of young thinkers and poets who are collectively known as the early Romantics. For the Romantics, Fichte's project remains too 'subjectivist', for it tries to provide an account of the world by beginning with the conditions that govern subjectivity alone. Rather, the Romantics argue that the world must be understood in terms of a monistic Absolute, akin to Spinoza's substance, in which all dualisms are overcome. It is with this step that Absolute Idealism comes on the scene, and sets the stage for the development of Hegel's system in the early 1800s. This essay, which continues the story of 'Who's Who from Kant to Hegel I', examines the ways in which early Romanticism reacted to the Fichtean project, looks at a variety of anti-foundationalist idealisms that the Romantics – in particular Hölderlin, Novalis, Schlegel, and Schleiermacher – developed, and traces the role that Friedrich Schelling plays in offering the first systematic account of Absolute Idealism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Karl Ameriks (2006). Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation. Oxford University Press.
Karl Ameriks (ed.) (2000). The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism. Cambridge University Press.
Frederick Beiser (1987). The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy From Kant to Fichte. Harvard University Press.
Frederick C. Beiser (ed.) (1993). The Cambridge Companion to Hegel. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kenneth R. Westphal (2009). ‘Does Kant’s Opus Postumum Anticipate Hegel’s Absolute Idealism?’. In E.-O. Onnasch (ed.), Kants Philosophie der Natur. Ihre Entwicklung bis zum Opus postumum und Nachwirkung. deGruyter.
Peter Graham Thielke (2010). Who's Who From Kant to Hegel I: In the Kantian Wake. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):385-397.
Kenneth R. Westphal (2000). ‘Kant, Hegel, and the Fate of “the” Intuitive Intellect’. In S. Sedgwick (ed.), The Reception of Kant’s Critical Philosophy: Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. Cambridge.
Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer (2006). The Question of System: How to Read the Development From Kant to Hegel. Inquiry 49 (1):80 – 102.
Alison Stone (2011). The Romantic Absolute. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (3):497-517.
Robert B. Pippin (1989). Hegel's Idealism: The Satisfactions of Self-Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
Sally S. Sedgwick (ed.) (2000). The Reception of Kant's Critical Philosophy: Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. Cambridge University Press.
James Scott Johnston (2006). Dewey's Critique of Kant. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (4):518-551.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads29 ( #56,654 of 1,096,363 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #84,313 of 1,096,363 )
How can I increase my downloads?