Mind and Society 11 (1):93-105 (2012)
|Abstract||A major challenge for Dual Process Theories of reasoning is to predict the circumstances under which intuitive answers reached on the basis of Type 1 processing are kept or discarded in favour of analytic, Type 2 processing (Thompson 2009 ). We propose that a key determinant of the probability that Type 2 processes intervene is the affective response that accompanies Type 1 processing. This affective response arises from the fluency with which the initial answer is produced, such that fluently produced answers give rise to a strong feeling of rightness. This feeling of rightness, in turn, determines the extent and probability with which Type 2 processes will be engaged. Because many of the intuitions produced by Type 1 processes are fluent, it is common for them to be accompanied by a strong sense of rightness. However, because fluency is poorly calibrated to objective difficulty, confidently held intuitions may form the basis of poor quality decisions.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak (2012). Defining Features Versus Incidental Correlates of Type 1 and Type 2 Processing. Mind and Society 11 (1):3-13.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2012). Spot the Difference: Distinguishing Between Two Kinds of Processing. Mind and Society 11 (1):121-131.
David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian (2008). Taboo or Tragic: Effect of Tradeoff Type on Moral Choice, Conflict, and Confidence. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
Vivian Bohl & Wouter van den Bos (2012). Toward an Integrative Account of Social Cognition: Marrying Theory of Mind and Interactionism to Study the Interplay of Type 1 and Type 2 Processes. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
Shira Elqayam (2011). Models of Dependence and Independence: A Two-Dimensional Architecture of Dual Processing. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):377-387.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2007). On the Resolution of Conflict in Dual Process Theories of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):321 – 339.
Wim de Neys & Samuel Franssens (2011). The Effortless Nature of Conflict Detection During Thinking. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (2):105-128.
Nick Chater (1997). What is the Type-1/Type-2 Distinction? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):68-69.
Anthony I. Jack & T. Shallice (2001). Introspective Physicalism as an Approach to the Science of Consciousness. Cognition 79 (1):161-196.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans & David E. Over (2002). The Role of Language in the Dual Process Theory of Thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):684-685.
Karl Halvor Teigen (2000). Intuitive Versus Analytic Abilities: The Case of Words Versus Numbers. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):698-699.
Paul A. Klaczynski & David B. Daniel (2005). Individual Differences in Conditional Reasoning: A Dual-Process Account. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):305 – 325.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jodie Curtis-Holmes (2005). Rapid Responding Increases Belief Bias: Evidence for the Dual-Process Theory of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):382 – 389.
Rolf Reber, Norbert Schwarz & Piotr Winkielman (2004). Processing Fluency and Aesthetic Pleasure: Is Beauty in the Perceiver's Processing Experience? Personality and Social Psychology Review 8 (4):364-382.
Christian Unkelbach (2010). The Epistemic Status of Processing Fluency as Source for Judgments of Truth. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):563-581.
Added to index2012-02-12
Total downloads10 ( #114,329 of 722,787 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,541 of 722,787 )
How can I increase my downloads?