Conceptual analysis in phenomenology and ordinary language philosophy
Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||Phenomenology and analytic philosophy were born out of the same historical problem—the growing crisis about how to characterize the proper methods and role of philosophy, given the increasing success and separation of the natural sciences. A common 18th and 19th century solution that reached its height with John Stuart Mill’s psychologism was to hold that the while natural science was concerned with “external, physical phenomena”, philosophy (along with math and logic) was concerned with “internal, mental phenomena”, and thus proceeded by turning our observational gaze inward at the mind, rather than outward towards the world (Ryle 1971, 366). Both Husserlian phenomenology and early analytic philosophy grew from dissatisfaction with psychologism, and figures from both traditions developed relentless criticisms of psychologism, beginning with Brentano and G.E. Moore[i] and reaching its peak with Frege and Husserl.|
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