Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry

Oxford University Press (2007)
Abstract
Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry is a concise introduction to the growing field of philosophy of psychiatry. Divided into three main aspects of psychiatric clinical judgement, values, meanings and facts, it examines the key debates about mental health care, and the philosophical ideas and tools needed to assess those debates, in six chapters. In addition to outlining the state of play, Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry presents a coherent and unified approach across the different debates, characterized by a rejection of reductionism and an emphasis on the ineliminability of uncodified skilled judgement. The first part, Values, outlines the debate about whether diagnosis of mental illness is essentially value-laden and argues that the prospects for reducing illness or disease to plainly factual matters are poor. It also explains the important role of skilled contextual judgement, rather than a principles-based deduction, in ethical judgement. The second part, Meanings, examines the central role of understanding and a shared first person perspective, both against attempts to reduce meaning to basic information-processing mechanisms and to explain away the difficulties of understanding psychopathology in recent models of delusion. The third part, Facts, shows the importance of uncodified clinical judgements, both in assessing the validity of psychiatric taxonomy and in the application of Evidence Based Medicine. Despite advances in the codifaction of practice and operationalism of diagnosis, an element of judgement remains in the assessment both of what, at one level, is good evidence for diagnosis and treatment and what, at a higher level, is good evidence for the validity of classification overall
Keywords Psychiatry Philosophy  Philosophy, Medical  Psychiatry methods
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Call number RC437.5.T52 2007
ISBN(s) 9780199228713   019922871X
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Citations of this work BETA
Kenneth W. M. Fulford (2013). Values‐Based Practice: Fulford's Dangerous Idea. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):537-546.
Tim Thornton (2011). Radical Liberal Values‐Based Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):988-991.
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