Potential initiators of hiv-related stigmatization: Ethical and programmatic challenges for pmtct programs
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):43–50 (2008)
HIV/AIDS continues to constitute a serious threat to the social and physical wellbeing of African mothers and their babies. In the hardest hit countries of sub-Saharan Africa, more than 60% of all new HIV infections are occurring in women, infants and young children. Mother-to-child transmission constitutes 90% of new HIV infections among infants and young children. Most of these infections can be prevented. However, the social stigma of HIV/AIDS insidiously continues to undermine the success of prevention programs. Ironically, some attributes or characteristics of prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs may in fact serve as catalysts to the stigmatization process. This paper identifies and discusses six potential initiators: Routine HIV testing, Six months exclusive breastfeeding, Incentives, Home visits, Location of PMTCT program, and PMTCT terminology. In all these areas, there are practical strategies that may be applied to reduce the chances of being stigmatized. These strategies are introduced and discussed
|Keywords||stigma Malawi PMTCT HIV‐related stigmatization|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joseph-Matthew Mfutso-Bengo, Eva-Maria Mfutso-Bengo & Francis Masiye (2008). Ethical Aspects of Hiv/Aids Prevention Strategies and Control in Malawi. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):349-356.
James B. McArthur, As the Tide Turns: The Changing HIV/AIDS Epidemic and the Criminalization of HIV Exposure.
Russell Armstrong (2008). Mandatory Hiv Testing in Pregnancy: Is There Ever a Time? Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):1–10.
Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) (2007). The Concept of Botho and Hiv&Aids in Botswana. Zapf Chancery.
Harold W. Jaffe (2009). Increasing Knowledge of Hiv Infection Status Through Opt-Out Testing. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2):229-233.
Faith E. Fletcher, Paul Ndebele & Maureen C. Kelley (2008). Infant Feeding and Hiv in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Lies Beneath the Dilemma? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):307-330.
Ruth Macklin (2011). Ethical Challenges in HIV Microbicide Research: What Protections Do Women Need? International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):124-143.
Kjell Arne Johansson, Kirsten Bjerkreim Pedersen & Anna-Karin Andersson (2011). Hiv Testing of Pregnant Women: An Ethical Analysis. Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):109-119.
Cynthia Eyakuze, Debra A. Jones, Ann M. Starrs & Naomi Sorkin (2008). From Pmtct to a More Comprehensive Aids Response for Women: A Much-Needed Shift. Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):33–42.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #293,589 of 1,790,408 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #433,815 of 1,790,408 )
How can I increase my downloads?