David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11 (1981)
The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, i.e., in being aimed at the good of health, in being a cognitive art evaluating towards that good, and as a manifestation of a virtuous disposition concerning that good. Finally, a value ontology drawn from these considerations is seen as necessarily underlying medical ethics. A set of three such basic values are promoted as crucial: the value of health; the value of the individual patient; and the value of altruism that mediates the class of potential patients.
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References found in this work BETA
S. Gorovitz & A. MacIntyre (1976). Toward a Theory of Medical Fallibility. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):51-71.
Edmund D. Pellegrino (1979). Toward a Reconstruction of Medical Morality: The Primacy of the Act of Profession and the Fact of Illness. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (1):32-56.
Paul Ramsey (1970). The Patient as Person. New Haven,Yale University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Edmund D. Pellegrino & David C. Thomasma (1987). Medicine as a Science of Action a Response to Peter Hucklenbroich. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):235-243.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1981). Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part I: Value Kinematics, Health, and Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):75-119.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1987). The Three Paradoxes Lost a Response to Moore and Hutchins. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):217-233.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1981). Normative Systems and Medical Metaethics Part II: Health-Maximizing and Persons. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):343-359.
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