“There's an App for That”: Technical Standards and Commodification by Technological Means [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):87-103 (2012)
Though the term “commodification” is used broadly, a theory of the processes by which goods become exchangeable and in fact objects of monetized exchange reveals a key site for technological politics. Commodities are goods that are alienable, somewhat rival, generally with low exclusion costs, and that are often consumed in use. Technological advances can affect all of these traits for certain goods, effectively bringing about a process of commodification by technological means. However, in order to function with specific contexts, technologies are designed and manufactured according to technical standards, standards that in turn take on features of what David Grewal ( 2008 ) has called “network power.” As such, standard setting processes become the potential locus for political argument over the legitimacy of a commodification process. Theorists hoping to develop more democratic theories of technological governance should thus recognize the significance of standards and the role they play in either promoting or controlling social relations organized according to the norms of monetized exchange
|Keywords||Technical standards Innovation Political economy Critical theory Networks Animals|
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References found in this work BETA
Andrew Feenberg (1991). Critical Theory of Technology. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Feenberg (2002). Transforming Technology: A Critical Theory Revisited. Oxford University Press.
Mark J. Hanson (1999). Biotechnology and Commodification Within Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):267 – 287.
Don Ihde (1990). Technology and the Lifeworld: From Garden to Earth. Indiana University Press.
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