David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):217-229 (2001)
Debates over the future of agriculture in North Americaestablish a dialectical opposition between conventional,industrial agriculture and alternative, sustainable agriculture.This opposition has roots that extend back to the 18th century inthe United States, but the debate has taken a number ofsurprising turns in the 20th century. Originally articulated as aphilosophy of the left, industrial agriculture has utilitarianmoral foundations. In the US and Canada, the articulation of analternative to industrial agriculture has drawn upon threecentral themes: the belief that agriculture is, in some way, tiedto democracy; the belief that complex bureaucratic organizationsare inherently opposed to human interests; and the belief thatthe family farms characteristic of 19th century North Americatend to produce people of superior moral character. It has proveddifficult to weave these themes into a coherent vision ofagriculture for the 21st century. Often, risk and health-basedconcerns are the basis for public criticism of conventionalagriculture, but these do not conflict with the utilitarianorientation of the industrial model, and are easily incorporatedinto it. If there is to be a philosophical debate over the futureof agriculture, we must find some way to rehabilitate thequasi-Aristotelean view of agriculture that emerges from thethree critical themes noted above.
|Keywords||agrarianism industrial agriculture sustainable agriculture US agricultural history virtue ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Raymond Anthony (2012). Building a Sustainable Future for Animal Agriculture: An Environmental Virtue Ethic of Care Approach Within the Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):123-144.
Paul B. Thompson (2008). The Agricultural Ethics of Biofuels: A First Look. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2):183-198.
Paul B. Thompson (2008). Agrarian Philosophy and Ecological Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):527-544.
Benjamin R. Cohen (2009). The Once and Future Georgic: Agricultural Practice, Environmental Knowledge, and the Place for an Ethic of Experience. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (3):153-165.
M. Gjerris, C. Gamborg, H. Röcklinsberg & R. Anthony (2011). The Price of Responsibility: Ethics of Animal Husbandry in a Time of Climate Change. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (4):331-350.
Similar books and articles
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Growing Stories From India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture. University Press of Kentucky.
Jeffrey Burkhardt (1988). Crisis, Argument, and Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):123-138.
Michael C. Appleby (2005). Sustainable Agriculture is Humane, Humane Agriculture is Sustainable. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):293-303.
Egbert Hardeman & Henk Jochemsen (2012). Are There Ideological Aspects to the Modernization of Agriculture? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):657-674.
Clemens Driessen (2012). Farmers Engaged in Deliberative Practices; An Ethnographic Exploration of the Mosaic of Concerns in Livestock Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):163-179.
Osamu Soda (2006). Philosophy of Agricultural Science: A Japanese Perspective. Distributor, International Specialized Book Services.
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Ethics, Narrative, and Agriculture: Transforming Agricultural Practice Through Ecological Imagination. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):283-303.
Holger Kirchmann (1994). Biological Dynamic Farming — an Occult Form of Alternative Agriculture? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (2):173-187.
J. Baird Callicott (1988). Agroecology in Context. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
J. Baird Callicott (1990). The Metaphysical Transition in Farming: From the Newtonian-Mechanical to the Eltonian Ecological. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):36-49.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #203,519 of 1,796,328 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #168,770 of 1,796,328 )
How can I increase my downloads?