David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 168 (3):433 - 452 (2009)
Global environmental science, in its current configuration as predominantly interdisciplinary earth systems analysis, owes its existence to technological development in three respects. (1) Environmental impacts of globalization of corporate and military industrial development linked to widespread use of new technologies prompted investigation of ways to understand and anticipate the global nature of such impacts. (2) Extension of the reach of technology itself demands extension of attempts to anticipate and control the environment in which the technology is to function. Thus as the reach becomes global, the environment in question is also global. (3) Such global studies cannot get far without the development of command, control and information technologies (computers, satellites, automated remote sensing devices) which are crucial for data gathering, storage, and analysis and for the simulation modeling, crucial to theory testing and prediction. This network of dependence on technological development gives the global environmental sciences a rather distinctive epistemological profile, one in which some distinctions that we had thought were clear, on the basis of models of classic laboratory sciences (such as those between experiment and deduction or representation and instrument), turn out to be far from clear. In consequence there needs to be a careful evaluation of the extent to which, or the ways in which, these sciences can provide bases for policy decisions.
|Keywords||Technology Computer models Climate science Prediction Global environmental science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Naomi Oreskes, Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Kenneth Belitz (1994). Verification, Validation, and Confirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences. Science 263 (5147):641-646.
Mary Tiles (1999). Balancing Acts: Rational Agency and Efficacious Action. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):289 – 300.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mikko Rask, Richard Worthington & Minna Lammi (eds.) (2010). Citizen Participation in Global Environmental Governance. Earthscan.
Ron Wagler (2009). Foucault, the Consumer Culture and Environmental Degradation. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (3):331-336.
Shiu-Wan Hung & Shih-Chang Tseng (2010). A New Framework Integrating Environmental Effects Into Technology Evaluation. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):543 - 556.
Alfred Endres (2004). Game Theory and Global Environmental Policy. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):123-139.
Aaron Maltais (2008). Global Warming and the Cosmopolitan Political Conception of Justice. Environmental Politics 17 (4):592-609.
Richard Ennals, Les Stratton, Noura Moujahid & Serhiy Kovela (2007). Global Information Technology and Global Citizenship Education. AI and Society 23 (1):61-68.
David Schwartzman (1996). Solar Communism. Science and Society 60 (3):307 - 331.
Zonghao Bao & Kun Xiang (2006). Digitalization and Global Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (1):41-47.
Anita Jose & Shang-Mei Lee (2007). Environmental Reporting of Global Corporations: A Content Analysis Based on Website Disclosures. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):307 - 321.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #195,144 of 1,696,615 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #144,179 of 1,696,615 )
How can I increase my downloads?