David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Nanoethics 5 (3):269-283 (2011)
Although applications are being developed and have reached the market, nanopharmacy to date is generally still conceived as an emerging technology. Its concept is ill-defined. Nanopharmacy can also be construed as a converging technology, which combines features of multiple technologies, ranging from nanotechnology to medicine and ICT. It is still debated whether its features give rise to new ethical issues or that issues associated with nanopharma are merely an extension of existing issues in the underlying fields. We argue here that, regardless of the alleged newness of the ethical issues involved, developments occasioned by technological advances affect the roles played by stakeholders in the field of nanopharmacy to such an extent that this calls for a different approach to responsible innovation in this field. Specific features associated with nanopharmacy itself and features introduced to the associated converging technologies- bring about a shift in the roles of stakeholders that call for a different approach to responsibility. We suggest that Value Sensitive Design is a suitable framework to involve stakeholders in addressing moral issues responsibly at an early stage of development of new nanopharmaceuticals
|Keywords||Nanopharmaceuticals Technological risk Converging technologies Ethical issue Social impact Value sensitive design ICT Nanoinformatics Personalized medicine|
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References found in this work BETA
Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin & Daniel Moore (2010). What is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter: From Science to Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
Professor Mary L. Cummings (2006). Integrating Ethics in Design Through the Value-Sensitive Design Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (4):701-715.
Armin Grunwald (2010). From Speculative Nanoethics to Explorative Philosophy of Nanotechnology. Nanoethics 4 (2):91-101.
Giorgia Guerra (2008). European Regulatory Issues in Nanomedicine. NanoEthics 2 (1):87-97.
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