David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):151-158 (2008)
Every year approximately 18 million people die prematurely from treatable medical conditions including infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies. The deaths occur primarily amongst the poorest citizens of poor developing nations. Various groups and individuals have advanced plans for major international medical aid to avert many of these unnecessary deaths. For example, the World Health Organization's Commission on Macroeconomics and Health estimated that eight million premature deaths could be prevented annually by interventions costing roughly US$57 bn per year. This essay advances an argument that human rights require high-income nations to provide such aid. The essay briefly examines John Rawls' obligations of justice and the reasons that their applicability to cases of international medical aid remains controversial. Regardless, the essay argues that purely humanitarian obligations bind the governments and citizens of high-income liberal democracies at a minimum to provide major medical aid to avert premature deaths in poor nations. In refusing to undertake such medical relief efforts, developed nations fail to adequately protect a fundamental human right to life.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas Nagel (2005). The Problem of Global Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2):113–147.
Amartya Sen (2004). Elements of a Theory of Human Rights. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):315 - 356.
Thomas W. Pogge (2005). Human Rights and Global Health: A Research Program. Metaphilosophy 36 (1‐2):182-209.
Mathias Risse (2005). How Does the Global Order Harm the Poor? Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (4):349–376.
Amartya Sen (2004). Elements of a Theory of Human Rights. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):315-356.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Keith Horton (2008). Transnational Medical Aid and the Wrongdoing of Others. Public Health Ethics 1 (2):171-179.
Mathias Risse (2009). The Right to Relocation: Disappearing Island Nations and Common Ownership of the Earth. Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):281-300.
Zahra Meghani (2011). A Robust, Particularist Ethical Assessment of Medical Tourism. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):16-29.
Thomas Alured Faunce (2005). Will International Human Rights Subsume Medical Ethics? Intersections in the UNESCO Universal Bioethics Declaration. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):173-178.
Kevin T. Jackson (1993). Global Distributive Justice and the Corporate Duty to Aid. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):547 - 551.
David J. Rothman (2006). Trust is Not Enough: Bringing Human Rights to Medicine. New York Review Books.
I. V. Carvalho (2009). Our Common Enemy: Combatting the World's Deadliest Viruses to Ensure Equity Health Care in Developing Nations. Zygon 44 (1):51-63.
Dale Dorsey (2005). Global Justice and the Limits of Human Rights. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (221):562–581.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #173,493 of 1,780,606 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,765 of 1,780,606 )
How can I increase my downloads?