David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Res Publica 14 (2):101-116 (2008)
A common anti-egalitarian argument is that equality is motivated by envy, or the desire to placate envy. In order to avoid this charge, John Rawls explicitly banishes envy from his original position. This article argues that this is an inconsistent and untenable position for Rawls, as he treats envy as if it were a fact of human psychology and believes that principles of justice should be based on such facts. Therefore envy should be known about in the original position. The consequences for Rawlsian theory—both substantive and methodological—are discussed.
|Keywords||Egalitarianism Envy Facts and principles Rawls Social contract|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
G. A. Cohen (2003). Facts and Principles. Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (3):211–245.
G. A. Cohen (1997). Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (1):3–30.
Richard Norman (2002). Equality, Envy, and the Sense of Injustice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):43–54.
Citations of this work BETA
Harrison P. Frye (2015). Putting Incentives in Context: A Reply to Penny. Res Publica 21 (1):93-98.
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