David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphilosophy 39 (2):220–250 (2008)
In this article I investigate several "sorts of naturalism" that have been advanced in recent years as possible foundations for virtue ethics: those of Michael Thompson, Philippa Foot, Rosalind Hursthouse, John McDowell, and Larry Arnhart. Each of these impressive attempts fails in illuminatingly different ways, and in the opening sections I analyze what has gone variously wrong. I next use this analysis to articulate four criteria that any successful Aristotelian naturalism must meet (my goal is to show what naturalism must deliver, not yet to show that it can deliver it). I then look at Alasdair MacIntyre's approach, which begins with our natural trajectory from complete dependency toward becoming independent practical reasoners; I argue that this sort of naturalism meets the aforementioned criteria and thus provides a good example of what Aristotelian naturalists must do. I close with a consideration of two important objections to any broadly MacIntyrean sort of naturalism.
|Keywords||virtue ethics Hursthouse McDowell naturalism MacIntyre Foot|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Larry Arnhart (1998). Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature. State University of New York Press.
Julia Driver (2006). Virtue Theory. In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub.
Philippa Foot (2001). Natural Goodness. Oxford University Press.
Rosalind Hursthouse (2006). Are Virtues the Proper Starting Point for Morality? In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub. 99--112.
Rosalind Hursthouse (1999/2001). On Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alexander Paseau (2005). Naturalism in Mathematics and the Authority of Philosophy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (2):377-396.
Robert Audi (2000). Philosophical Naturalism at the Turn of the Century. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:27-45.
Steven Horst (2009). Naturalisms in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):219-254.
Michael Tye (1994). Naturalism and the Problem of Intentionality. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (September):122-42.
Neil Sinclair (2006). Two Kinds of Naturalism in Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (4):417 - 439.
Jerome Arthur Stone (2008). Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative. State University of New York Press.
David Copp (2003). Why Naturalism? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (2):179-200.
Hans Fink (2006). Three Sorts of Naturalism. European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):202–221.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads37 ( #73,446 of 1,699,807 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #161,079 of 1,699,807 )
How can I increase my downloads?