David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 32 (2):307-327 (2001)
The presented paper substantiates the principle that values are an immanent component of science and any rational cognitive activity. This principle belongs to the European cultural tradition starting from the book of Genesis of the Old Testament, the values of certainty in the antique Greek philosophy and Francis Bacon's coincidence of knowledge and power. Values in science form complicated structures inconnection with different types of knowledge including “the knowledge that”, empirical evidence, various types of generalizations or rules, methods, directions, algorithms, “the knowledge how”, “the knowledge why” or other types of knowledge. Since the assignments of different types of values are the products of a decision-making, it is useful to distinguish many types of decision-making, especially semantic decision-making, information decision-making and decision-making with distinctly pragmatic dimensions. The values assignable to scientific activities and their results also include their social recognition, respect and prestige granted to knowledge and bearers of knowledge by society and social groups or communities. Knowledge generation and the rational and justified application of the achieved and acceptable impacts are also connected with decision-making procedures, values and criteria of social acceptance.
|Keywords||types of knowledge certainty decision-making inscience types of values connected with science andcognitive activities types of decision-making in science social dimensions of knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Omar E. M. Khalil (1993). Artificial Decision-Making and Artificial Ethics: A Management Concern. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):313 - 321.
Peter P. Kirschenmann (2001). “Intrinsically” or Just “Instrumentally” Valuable? On Structural Types of Values of Scientific Knowledge. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 32 (2):237-256.
Isaac Levi (2006). Decisions and Revisions: Philosophical Essays on Knowledge and Value. Cambridge University Press.
Isaac Levi (1986). Hard Choices: Decision Making Under Unresolved Conflict. Cambridge University Press.
Ryan Meyer (2011). The Public Values Failures of Climate Science in the US. Minerva 49 (1):47-70.
David J. Fritzsche (1995). Personal Values: Potential Keys to Ethical Decision Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (11):909 - 922.
Kieran Mathieson (2007). Towards a Design Science of Ethical Decision Support. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (3):269 - 292.
David Fritzsche & E. Oz (2007). Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
Ladislav Tondl (2007). Rational Actions and the Integration of Knowledge. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):91 - 110.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads57 ( #39,442 of 1,696,562 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #94,197 of 1,696,562 )
How can I increase my downloads?