David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Military Ethics 11 (2):149-168 (2012)
Abstract Semi-autonomous robotic weapons are already carving out a role for themselves in modern warfare. Recently, Ronald Arkin has argued that autonomous lethal robotic systems could be more ethical than humans on the battlefield, and that this marks a significant reason in favour of their development and use. Here I offer a critical response to the position advanced by Arkin. Although I am sympathetic to the spirit of the motivation behind Arkin's project and agree that if we decide to develop and use these machines they ought to be programmed to behave ethically, there are several major problems with his view as it stands. At present, it is not clear whether such machines would be capable of behaving more ethically than humans. More importantly, to the extent that humans would remain in the context of war, human moral transgressions will continue, especially in the face of complicated ethical challenges accompanying automated warfare. Moreover, even if machines could be more ethical than humans in certain ways and in certain situations, this says nothing about whether warfare that contains these machines would itself be overall more ethical than warfare that does not include them as participants, or whether the inclusion of lethal robots is the best way to guard against human moral transgressions in war.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Sparrow (2007). Killer Robots. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):62–77.
Barrie Paskins & Michael Walzer (1981). Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. Philosophical Quarterly 31 (124):285.
Bradley J. Strawser (2010). Moral Predators: The Duty to Employ Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles. Journal of Military Ethics 9 (4):342-368.
Peter Asaro (2008). How Just Could a Robot War Be? In P. Brey, A. Briggle & K. Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Ios Press 50--64.
Vittorio Bufacchi & Jean Maria Arrigo (2006). Torture, Terrorism and the State: A Refutation of the Ticking-Bomb Argument. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):355–373.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John P. Sullins (2010). Robowarfare: Can Robots Be More Ethical Than Humans on the Battlefield? [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):263-275.
Mariarosaria Taddeo (2012). Information Warfare: A Philosophical Perspective. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):105-120.
G. R. Pitman (2011). The Evolution of Human Warfare. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):352-379.
Ian Clark (1988). Waging War: A Philosophical Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Francis Bridger (ed.) (1983). The Cross and the Bomb: Christian Ethics and the Nuclear Debate. Mowbray.
Tim Stevens (2013). Information Warfare: A Response to Taddeo. Philosophy and Technology 26 (2):221-225.
John Arquilla (1999). Can Information Warfare Ever Be Just? Ethics and Information Technology 1 (3):203-212.
Ryan Tonkens (2012). Out of Character: On the Creation of Virtuous Machines. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 14 (2):137-149.
Torkel Brekke (ed.) (2006). The Ethics of War in Asian Civilizations: A Comparative Perspective. Routledge.
Thomas Frank (2009). Reframing Asymmetrical Warfare : Beyond the Just War Idea. In Ted van Baarda & Désirée Verweij (eds.), The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics. Martinus Nijhoff
Emilio Mordini (2005). Biowarfare as a Biopolitical Icon. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4):242-255.
Geoffrey L. Goodwin (ed.) (1982). Ethics and Nuclear Deterrence. St. Martin's Press.
David Benest (2009). British Leaders and Irregular Warfare. In Ted van Baarda & Désirée Verweij (eds.), The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics. Martinus Nijhoff
Saul Smilansky (2010). When Does Morality Win? Ratio 23 (1):102-110.
Added to index2012-09-11
Total downloads16 ( #225,387 of 1,796,171 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #349,835 of 1,796,171 )
How can I increase my downloads?