David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303 (2011)
This paper contributes data from Paraguayan Guaraní (Tupí-Guaraní) to the discussion of how temporal reference is determined in tenseless languages. The empirical focus of this study is on finite clauses headed by verbs inflected only for person/number information, which are compatible only with non-future temporal reference in most matrix clause contexts. The paper first explores the possibility of accounting for the temporal reference of such clauses with a phonologically empty non-future tense morpheme, along the lines of Matthewson’s (Linguist Philos 29:673–713, 2006 ) analysis of a similar phenomenon in St’át’imcets (Salish). This analysis is then contrasted with one according to which temporal reference is not constrained by tense in Paraguayan Guaraní, but only by context and temporal adverbials. A comparison of the two analyses, both of which are couched in a dynamic semantic framework, suggests empirical and theoretical advantages of the tenseless analysis over the tensed one. The paper concludes with a discussion of cross-linguistic variation of temporal reference in tensed and tenseless languages
|Keywords||Temporal reference Tenseless languages Paraguayan Guaraní Future discourse|
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References found in this work BETA
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Citations of this work BETA
Seth Cable (2013). Beyond the Past, Present, and Future: Towards the Semantics of ‘Graded Tense’ in Gĩkũyũ. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 21 (3):219-276.
Anne Mucha (2013). Temporal Interpretation in Hausa. Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (5):371-415.
Todor Koev (forthcoming). Evidentiality, Learning Events and Spatiotemporal Distance: The View From Bulgarian. Journal of Semantics:ffv014.
Guillaume Thomas (2014). Nominal Tense and Temporal Implicatures: Evidence From Mbyá. Natural Language Semantics 22 (4):357-412.
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Joshua M. Mozersky (2000). Tense and Temporal Semantics. Synthese 124 (2):257-279.
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L. Nathan Oaklander (1993). On the Experience of Tenseless Time. Journal of Philosophical Research 18:159-166.
Fabio Pianesi & Achille C. Varzi (1999). The Context-Dependency of Temporal Reference in Event Semantics. In Paolo Bouquet, Patrick Brezillon, Francesca Castellani & Luciano Serafini (eds.), in Modeling and Using Context. Proceedings of the Second International and Interdisciplinary Conference. Springer 507–510.
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Jon Torgerson (1988). Reichenbach and Smart on Temporal Discourse. Philosophy Research Archives 14:381-394.
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