David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Axiomathes 15 (3):353-371 (2005)
We present an investigation into the relation between design principles in Japanese gardens, and their associated perceptual effects. This leads to the realization that a set of design principles described in a Japanese gardening text by Shingen (1466), shows many parallels to the visual effects of perceptual grouping, studied by the Gestalt school of psychology. Guidelines for composition of rock clusters closely relate to perception of visual figure. Garden design elements are arranged into patterns that simplify figure-ground segmentation, while seemingly balancing the visual salience of subparts and the global arrangement. Visual ‘ground’ is analyzed via medial axis transformation (MAT), often associated with shape perception in humans. MAT analysis reveals implicit structure in the visual ground of a quintessential rock garden design. The MAT structure enables formal comparison of structure of figure and ground. They share some aesthetic qualities, with interesting differences. Both contain naturalistic asymmetric, self-similar, branching structures. While the branching pattern of the ground converges towards the viewer, that of the figure converges in the opposite direction.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Logic Ontology Linguistics Cognitive Psychology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Kurt Koffka (1936). Principles of Gestalt Psychology. Philosophical Review 45 (4):412-415.
Rudolf Arnheim, David Barnett & R. W. Beardsmore (1973). Toward a Psychology of Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (3):421-421.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
V. di Lollo, James T. Enns & R. Rensink (2000). Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes. Journal Of Experimental Psychology-General 129 (4):481-507.
Bruno G. Breitmeyer & Haluk Ögmen (2006). Visual Masking Reveals Differences Between the Nonconscious and Conscious Processing of Form and Surface Attributes. In Haluk Ögmen & Bruno G. Breitmeyer (eds.), The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. MIT Press 315-333.
Qasim Zaidi & A. Fuzz Griffiths (2002). Generic Assumptions Shared by Visual Perception and Imagery. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):215-216.
John Heffner (1976). Some Epistemological Aspects of Recent Work in Visual Perception. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:165 - 174.
Antti Revonsuo (1998). Visual Perception and Subjective Visual Awareness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):769-770.
Mădălina Diaconu (2008). 'Eine weite Wohnung unter freiem Himmel'? Zu einer Ästhetik der Sinnesgärten. Estetika 45 (2):156-172.
Jan C. Bouman (1968). The Figure-Ground Phenomenon in Experimental and Phenomenological Psychology. Solna, Seelig.
Ronald A. Rensink (forthcoming). Attention, Consciousness, and Data Display. 2006 Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Statistical Graphics Section.
Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz (2001). The Hot Fringes of Consciousness: Perceptual Fluency and Affect. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):223-231.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads22 ( #172,776 of 1,907,142 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #161,264 of 1,907,142 )
How can I increase my downloads?