David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Episteme 7 (1):42-57 (2010)
The standard interpretation of Hume on testimony takes him to be a reductionist; justification of beliefs from testimony ultimately depends on one's own first-person experience. Yet Hume's main discussions of testimony in the Treatise and first Enquiry suggest a social account. Hume appeals to shared experience and develops norms of belief from testimony that are not reductionist. It is argued that the reductionist interpretation rests on an overly narrow view of Hume's theory of ideas. By attending to such mechanisms of the imagination as abstraction and fictions, it is shown that Hume's theory of ideas does not forestall a non-reductionist social epistemology
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References found in this work BETA
G. E. M. Anscombe (1981). From Parmenides to Wittgenstein. University of Minnesota Press.
C. A. J. Coady (1992). Testimony: A Philosophical Study. Oxford University Press.
Antony Garrard Newton Flew (1961). Hume's Philosophy of Belief: A Study of His First Inquiry. New York, Humanities Press.
David Hume (2009/2004). An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press. 112.
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