David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):441-465 (2011)
The study of social values has its origins in the study of both cross cultural and within cultural differences in latent or manifest definitions of the right social order to achieve the good life. To this extent, the social scientific literature is replete with references to them. Yet, researchers either use the term values Social values are often used interchangeably with that of attitudes or treated as a post-hoc explanatory concept. When values are the focal research point, such endeavours predominantly depart from universal and reductionist understandings of their functions, meanings and structures. Through tracing the roots of key theoretical and empirical investigations in values, originating in the work of Charles Morris, Gordon Allport, Florence Kluckhohn and Fred Strodtbeck, Milton Rokeach and Shalom Schwartz, we reveal the common as well as the different tenets underpinning their work. It will be shown that these accounts have lost sight of the importance of plurality and context. We claim that a renewed program of research in values is needed, which should be characterised by methodological pluralism in order to investigate a) value plurality, b) value specificity and c) values as properties and as processes
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References found in this work BETA
Milton Rokeach (1973). The Nature of Human Values. New York,Free Press.
Philip E. Tetlock (2003). Thinking the Unthinkable: Sacred Values and Taboo Cognitions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):320-324.
Hans Joas (2001). The Genesis of Values. University of Chicago Press.
Sigmund Freud & A. A. Brill (1913). The Interpretation of Dreams. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (20):551-555.
Gordon W. Allport & Milton Harrington (1938). Personality: A Psychological Interpretation. Ethics 49 (1):105-107.
Citations of this work BETA
Rusten Menard (2015). Analysing Social Values in Identification; A Framework for Research on the Representation and Implementation of Values. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (3).
Bernd Baldus (2015). Contingency, Novelty and Choice. Cultural Evolution as Internal Selection. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 45 (2):214-237.
Michelle Gjl Habets, Johannes Jm van Delden & AnneLien L. Bredenoord (2014). The Social Value of Clinical Research. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):66.
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