David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
„Pantaneto Forum”,Http (issue 13) (2004)
The idea that science is historical is almost a cliché nowadays. The historical dimensions of science have begun to be appreciated by philosophers of science, for some through the work of Kuhn, and for others through Popper and Lakatos. Does this mean that contemporary philosophy of science understands the historical nature of science? Let me begin with a provocative negative answer. My reason is not the obvious one, namely, that there are several competing models that address the historical development of science. Rather, it's more substantial: philosophers of science have not adequately reflected on the historical nature of science. There are still at least two barriers blocking a meaningful dialogue between the history of science and the philosophy of science: (1) the normative and evaluative orientation of philosophy of science and (2) its universalist stance toward science, a stance somewhat modified in current literature. No wonder Minerva cannot communicate with Clio; not only do they not speak the same language, but their perspectives and aims differ too. Does this mean that Minerva can't be replaced with Calliope, that philosophy of science will go on "its own way, paying little attention to the naturalist stories told by historians and sociologists, and, in turn, being widely ignored by them?". Does this mean that their only possible relation is lack of relation--their "splendid isolation"--entailing abstention from alliances, even from a "marriage of convenience," or, for that matter, from any other sort of interaction? Does this mean that philosophy of science uses historical episodes simply to find its problems, or appeals to those episodes only to illustrate its claims or to falsify the claims of opposing philosophical views? Well, not necessarily. Interactions and cooperation between the two are possible, but depend, first, on their (in particular, philosophy's) self-definitions, and, second, on how they both relate to philosophy, and, in particular, to the philosophy of history.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Richard M. Burian (1977). More Than a Marriage of Convenience: On the Inextricability of History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 44 (1):1-42.
Nancy L. Maull (1976). Reconstructed Science as Philosophical Evidence. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:119-129.
Rom Harré (1985). The Philosophies of Science. Oxford University Press.
James Robert Brown (1980). History and the Norms of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:236 - 248.
Vasso Kindi (2005). The Relation of History of Science to Philosophy of Science In. Perspectives on Science 13 (4).
Roger Ariew (1986). Descartes as Critic of Galileo's Scientific Methodology. Synthese 67 (1):77 - 90.
Roger H. Stuewer (ed.) (1970). Historical and Philosophical Perspectives of Science. Gordon and Breach.
Michael R. Matthews (1994). Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
John Losee (1987). Philosophy of Science and Historical Enquiry. Oxford University Press.
Ronald N. Giere (1994). Viewing Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:3 - 16.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #457,102 of 1,938,583 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #288,358 of 1,938,583 )
How can I increase my downloads?