Continuous Grey Scales Versus Sharp Contrasts: Styles of Representation in Italian Clinical Cytogenetics Laboratories [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Human Studies 35 (1):1-25 (2012)
In some circumstances, scientists of the same discipline visualize and view differently the same scientific object. The question of representational difference , which has usually been connected to scientific revolutions or controversies, is framed here using the concept of “style,” addressing the plurality of scientific traditions within a well-established scientific field. Using ethnomethodology we will examine the divergences of representational practices that, beyond the apparent consensus of a scientific community, are present throughout the procedure of chromosomes preparation. The ethnographic data was gathered through participant observation and in-depth interviews in several Italian clinical cytogenetic laboratories. The concept of style emerges through the examination of the two alternate, and sometimes conflicting, ways of configuring the complex texture of practice, instrumental mediation, epistemic virtues, and expertise involved in scientific representation of chromosomes. Resonating with the recent debate on objectivity, it tries to articulate the concept of “epistemic virtue” outside an internalised scientific self through an aesthetic, analytical, instrumental, and ontological preferences in the current manners to produce and see the same research object
|Keywords||Visualization/imaging Style Representation and scientific practices Ethnomethodology Science and technology studies Ethnography of knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas S. Kuhn (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Vol. The University of Chicago Press.
Lorraine Daston (2007). Objectivity. Distributed by the MIT Press.
Michael Polanyi (1958). Personal Knowledge. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
K. Knorr-Cetina (1981). The Manufacture of Knowledge: An Essay on the Constructivist and Contextual Nature of Science. Pergamon Press.
Paul Feyerabend (1974). Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge. Humanities Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mircea Flonta (1996). Does the Scientific Paper Accurately Mirror the Very Grounds of Scientific Assessment? Theoria 11 (3):19-31.
Mieke Boon (2011). Two Styles of Reasoning in Scientific Practices: Experimental and Mathematical Traditions. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):255 - 278.
Adam Toon (2010). Models as Make-Believe. In Roman Frigg & Matthew Hunter (eds.), Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science
Stéphanie Ruphy (2011). From Hacking’s Plurality of Styles of Scientific Reasoning to “Foliated” Pluralism: A Philosophically Robust Form of Ontologico-Methodological Pluralism. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1212-1222.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2005). An Obstacle to Unification in Biological Social Science: Formal and Compositional Styles of Science. Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):40-100.
Tarja Knuuttila (2011). Modelling and Representing: An Artefactual Approach to Model-Based Representation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):262-271.
Xiang Chen & Peter Barker (2000). Continuity Through Revolutions: A Frame-Based Account of Conceptual Change During Scientific Revolutions. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):223.
Renan Springer De Freitas & Ricardo Pietrobon (2007). Whoever Could Get Rid of the Context of Discovery/Context of Justification Dichotomy? A Proposal Based on Recent Developments in Clinical Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (1):25 – 42.
Michael Lynch & Ruth McNally, Encadenando a Un Monstruo : La Produccion de Representaciones En Un Campu Impuro.
Kirsti Malterud (1995). The Legitimacy of Clinical Knowledge: Towards a Medical Epistemology Embracing the Art of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
Added to index2012-03-08
Total downloads6 ( #532,713 of 1,902,710 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #446,006 of 1,902,710 )
How can I increase my downloads?