Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (3):447-472 (2012)
|Abstract||Focusing on the thought of Mencius and Xunzi, this essay reconstructs and examines the classical Confucian position on the legitimate use of military force. It begins by sketching historically important political concepts, such as types of political leaders, politics of the kingly way versus politics of the hegemonic way, and the controversial role of lords-protector. It then moves on to explore Confucian criteria for justifying resort to the use of force, giving special attention to undertaking punitive expeditions to interdict and punish aggression and tyranny. Following this discussion, the essay then attends to important Confucian moral constraints on how military force is properly employed, including prohibitions on attacking the defenseless, indiscriminate slaughter of enemy forces, destruction of civilian infrastructure, prisoner abuse, and non-consensual annexation of territory. The essay concludes by first discussing an illustrative case from Mencius and then comparing its reconstruction of the Confucian position to those offered by other scholars|
|Keywords||just cause true king Xunzi lord‐protector right authority moral constraints on military conduct punitive expedition righteous or just war Mencius|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Sumner B. Twiss & Jonathan Chan (2012). Classical Confucianism, Punitive Expeditions, and Humanitarian Intervention. Journal of Military Ethics 11 (2):81-96.
Mark Zelcer (2013). Ethics for the Weekends: The Case of Reservists. Journal of Military Ethics 11 (4):333 - 352.
J. Pattison (2012). The Legitimacy of the Military, Private Military and Security Companies, and Just War Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (2):131-154.
Harry van der Linden (2009). Barack Obama, Resort to Force, and U.S. Military Hegemony. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):95-104.
James Burk (2005). Strategic Assumptions and Moral Implications of the Constabulary Force. Journal of Military Ethics 4 (3):155-167.
Sungmoon Kim (2013). Between Good and Evil: Xunzi's Reinterpretation of the Hegemonic Rule as Decent Governance. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (1):73-92.
Ruiping Fan (2010). How Should We Treat Animals? A Confucian Reflection. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):79-96.
Chenyang Li (2008). Does Confucian Ethics Integrate Care Ethics and Justice Ethics? The Case of Mencius. Asian Philosophy 18 (1):69 – 82.
Xinzhong Yao & Weiming Tu (eds.) (2010). Confucian Studies: Critical Concepts in Asian Philosophy. Routledge.
Ranjoo Seodu Herr (2010). Confucian Democracy and Equality. Asian Philosophy 20 (3):261-282.
Lo Ping-cheung (2010). Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide From Confucian Moral Perspectives. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):53-77.
Asa Kasher (2003). Public Trust in a Military Force. Journal of Military Ethics 2 (1):20-45.
Chenyang Li (2006). The Confucian Ideal of Harmony. Philosophy East and West 56 (4):583-603.
A. T. Nuyen (2009). Moral Obligation and Moral Motivation in Confucian Role-Based Ethics. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (1):1-11.
George R. Lucas (2003). The Role of the 'International Community' in Just War Tradition--Confronting the Challenges of Humanitarian Intervention and Preemptive War. Journal of Military Ethics 2 (2):122-144.
Added to index2012-07-24
Total downloads2 ( #248,212 of 756,890 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,433 of 756,890 )
How can I increase my downloads?