David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):167 - 175 (2008)
Small and medium-sized firms form 90% of the worldwide population of businesses. However, it has been argued that given their smaller scale of operations, resource access constraints and lower visibility, smaller firms are less likely to participate in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives. This article examines the different economic motivations of firms with varying combinations of visibility, resource access and scale of operations. Arguments are presented to propose that in terms of visibility, resource access and operating scale, very small and very large firms are equally motivated to participate in CSR. However, the motivational bases for CSR participation are likely to be different. Medium-sized firms are the least motivated. This suggests a U-shaped relationship between firm size and CSR participation. This study contributes towards resolution of the long-standing debate on the effects of firm size on CSR participation, and highlights the importance of considering configurations of firm characteristics in the study of CSR outcomes. In conclusion, cautions are raised against the broad categorization of firms, without adequate attention to the underlying dimensions of such categorizations.
|Keywords||Corporate social responsibility Resources Size Visibility Scale of operations|
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References found in this work BETA
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Citations of this work BETA
Won-Yong Oh, Young Kyun Chang & Zheng Cheng (forthcoming). When CEO Career Horizon Problems Matter for Corporate Social Responsibility: The Moderating Roles of Industry-Level Discretion and Blockholder Ownership. Journal of Business Ethics.
Jacob Brower & Vijay Mahajan (2013). Driven to Be Good: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective on the Drivers of Corporate Social Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):313-331.
Marion Allet & Marek Hudon (2015). Green Microfinance: Characteristics of Microfinance Institutions Involved in Environmental Management. Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):395-414.
Suman Sen & James Cowley (2013). The Relevance of Stakeholder Theory and Social Capital Theory in the Context of CSR in SMEs: An Australian Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (2):413-427.
Riikka Sievänen, Hannu Rita & Bert Scholtens (2013). The Drivers of Responsible Investment: The Case of European Pension Funds. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):137-151.
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