'Hypotheses, everywhere only hypotheses!': on some contexts of Dilthey's critique of explanatory psychology
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (1):43-62 (2007)
In 1894, Wilhelm Dilthey published an article in which he formulated a critique of what he called ‘explanatory psychology’, contrasting it with his own conception of ‘descriptive psychology’. Dilthey’s descriptive psychology, in turn, was to provide the basis for Dilthey’s specific philosophy of the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften). In this paper, I contextualize Dilthey’s critique of explanatory psychology. I show that while this critique comes across as very broad and sweeping, he in fact had specific opponents in mind, namely, scholars who, like him, attempted to theorize about the relationship between the individual and society, between psychology and the other human sciences. Dilthey’s critique of explanatory psychology is the flipside of his critique of sociology, which he had already formulated. He challenged both because he felt that they gave the wrong kind of answer to the task of overcoming metaphysics within the human sciences. In particular, I identify the founders of Völkerpsychologie, Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinhal, and (more importantly) their student, Georg Simmel, as Dilthey’s targets. I provide textual and historical evidence for this thesis.
|Keywords||Dilthey history and philosophy of the human sciences explaining and understanding|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
John Stuart Mill (1843). A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive. University of Toronto Press.
Martin Kusch (2008). Psychologism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
R. Lanier Anderson (2005). Neo-Kantianism and the Roots of Anti-Psychologism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (2):287-323.
Rudolf A. Makkreel (1969). Wilhelm Dilthey and the Neo-Kantians: The Distinction of the Geisteswissenschaften and the Kulturwissenschaften. Journal of the History of Philosophy 7 (4):423-440.
Wilhelm Windelband (1895). Geschichte und Naturwissenschaft. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3 (2):3-4.
Citations of this work BETA
Gary Hatfield (2012). Koffka, Köhler, and the “Crisis” in Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):483-492.
Uljana Feest (2007). Science and Experience/Science of Experience: Gestalt Psychology and the Anti-Metaphysical Project of the Aufbau. Perspectives on Science 15 (1):1-25.
Similar books and articles
A. R. (2003). The Cognition-Knowledge Distinction in Kant and Dilthey and the Implications for Psychology and Self-Understanding. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):149-164.
Eric S. Nelson (2010). Impure Phenomenology: Dilthey, Epistemology, and the Task of Interpretive Psychology. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:19-44.
Jacob Owensby (1994). Dilthey and the Narrative of History. Cornell University Press.
Eric Sean Nelson (2008). Interpreting Practice: Dilthey, Epistemology, and the Hermeneutics of Historical Life. Idealistic Studies 38 (1/2):105-122.
Holly L. Wilson (1987). On Mandelbaum's Critique of Dilthey's ‘Relativism’. In Rudolf Makkreel John Scanlon (ed.), Dilthey and Phenomenology.
Eric S. Nelson (2011). Self-Reflection, Interpretation, and Historical Life in Dilthey. In Hans-Ulrich Lessing, Rudolf A. Makkreel & Riccardo Pozzo (eds.), Recent Contributions to Dilthey’s Philosophy of the Human Sciences.
Dimitri Ginev (2012). Diltheyan Varieties of Double Hermeneutics in the Human Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (1):0048393112449657.
Rudolf A. Makkreel (1975). Dilthey, Philosopher of the Human Studies. Princeton University Press.
William Caleb McDaniel, An Extraordinary Reversal: Hermeneutics and the Divide Between the Sciences.
Austin Harrington (2000). Objectivism in Hermeneutics? Gadamer, Habermas, Dilthey. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (4):491-507.
Wilhelm Dilthey (1978). Dilthey's Philosophy of Existence: Introduction to Weltanschauungslehre: Translation of an Essay. Greenwood Press.
Wilhelm Dilthey (1988). Introduction to the Human Sciences: An Attempt to Lay a Foundation for the Study of Society and History. Wayne State University Press.
Henry Walter Brann (1977). Wilhelm Dilthey and Hermeneutics. Dilthey's Explanation of Hermeneutics as 'Practical Science' and the History of Its Reception. Philosophy and History 10 (2):176-178.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads9 ( #391,263 of 1,938,529 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #288,361 of 1,938,529 )
How can I increase my downloads?