David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 32 (3):305-394 (2001)
The aim of this article is to analyse the relation between the second law of thermodynamics and the so-called arrow of time. For this purpose, a number of different aspects in this arrow of time are distinguished, in particular those of time-reversal (non-)invariance and of (ir)reversibility. Next I review versions of the second law in the work of Carnot, Clausius, Kelvin, Planck, Gibbs, Caratheodory and Lieb and Yngvason, and investigate their connection with these aspects of the arrow of time. It is shown that this connection varies a great deal along with these formulations of the second law. According to the famous formulation by Planck, the second law expresses the irreversibility of natural processes. But in many other formulations irreversibility or even time-reversal non-invariance plays no role. I therefore argue for the view that the second law has nothing to do with the arrow of time.
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James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell & Anthony J. Short (2008). The Use of the Information-Theoretic Entropy in Thermodynamics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (2):315-324.
Bradford Skow (2011). Does Temperature Have a Metric Structure? Philosophy of Science 78 (3):472-489.
James Ladyman, Stuart Presnell, Anthony J. Short & Berry Groisman (2007). The Connection Between Logical and Thermodynamic Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (1):58-79.
Marij van Strien (2013). The Nineteenth Century Conflict Between Mechanism and Irreversibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):191-205.
Alon Drory (2008). Is There a Reversibility Paradox? Recentering the Debate on the Thermodynamic Time Arrow. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (4):889-913.
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